Crimea

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Tauridian Republic of Crimea
Conventional short name:
Local: Крым, Qırım, Cirima, Κριμαία, Ղրիմ, Крим, &c. &c. &c.
English: Crimea
State flag of Crimea
Languages:  
 Official: No official language
 Others: Parra, Russian, Tatar, Gothic, Greek, Yevanic, Mongolian, Noğay Tatar, Yalıboylu Tatar, Krymchak, Karaim, Armenian, Georgian, Italian(Caffico/Ligurian),Turkish, Bulgarian, Romani, Ukrainian, German, Yiddish, Estonian
Cities:  
 Capital: Sebastópol
 Other: Acmescit, Baxçisaraj, Cafa, Jalta, Sudac, Jevpatorija, Ceriç, Çancoj
Area: 12,301 sq. mi. (26,945 sq. km.)
Population: 3,185,461 (2002)
Independence: from Russia
 Date: March 1918
Currency: danar (cursive D) = 120 cepici
ISO code: cr
Organizations: Silk Road League

The Crimea is a melting pot of Greeks, Turks, Mongolians, Crimean Goths, Crimean Tatars, Russians, Ukrainians, Armenians, Germans, and Yiddish-speaking Jews; not to mention Bulgarians, Roma, and Karaim, Kymchak, and Romaiote Jews, plus Italians and Cossacks.

The nation's (quite literal) lingua franca is Parra, a trade language that evolved from Lingua Franca spoken by Western sailors. Italian merchants brought the language to the colonies that they controlled in Crimea from the 13th to the 15th centuries.

European paganism can also be found on the Crimea. Most of the Crimean Goths have been converted to other religions, but a number of them still maintains the worship of a holy tree 7428.

Contents

History

The Crimea became an independent state in March 1918, when the Tauridan Soviet Republic was proclaimed. Unlike *here*, where it was ended on 30 April 1918 and incorporated into Russia, the T.S.R. survived, mainly because the White Armies had to put all their efforts on conquering Moscow from the Bolsheviks, and because Ukraine acted as a buffer state. However, during the Second Great War it was first occupied by Germany and then by Russia. After the war, the Crimea remained an independent state only on paper, while it was ruled by a pro-Russian, SNORist puppet government. This government was overthrown in 1989.

Geography

Borders

North: Ukraine. West and South: Black Sea East: Russia.

Flags and symbols

The Soviet Republic modeled its flag on those of other communist states across Europe. It featured the hammer and sickle of the Bolsheviks plus the initials of the country in Russian and Tatar (TSR for inscrition in Russian, TSC for inscription in Crimean Tatar - Tavrida Sovet Cumhuriyeti).

The Snorist flag of Crimea was designed during the rule of the first Snorist leader, who emphasized the country's Russians, to the exclusion of other groups. It is in the pan-Slavic colors with a wide white stripe in the center.

The octagram, Crimea's national symbol since 1989, comes from a gate at Mangup, a fortress built by Greeks and used by Goths and Turkic Kipchaks. [1] It has become Crimea's unifying national symbol, representing the idea of one land containing many cultures. A form appears on the national flag, while simplified line version is the official national tamga. Probably it belongs on a host of flags, seals, roundels, and military uniforms that still need to be designed.

The red and blue in the tricolor are simply taken from the Snorist flag. The green represents diversity and prosperity. The tricolor alone is used as a civil ensign at sea and sees some informal use on land as well.

See also

Website for Crimea - containing history, culture, cities, government, and national symbols.

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