|Official Languages||Okinawan (Utxinaa-gutxi), Japanese, Corean|
|Major Religions||Xintò (Shinto), Buddhism|
|Government Type||Constitutional monarchy|
|Over-King||His Majesty the Emperor|
(Council of State)
|Currency||Rò; 1 rò = 16 su = 400 fun (equal to Japanese lò)|
|Supranational Organizations||Part of Japanese Empire|
Lùquiù is a kingdom within the Japanese Empire, nearly contiguous with *here*s Okinawa Prefecture (though including the Amami Islands). It is governed by a king who is considered a vassal of the Emperor of Japan (bearing the title of Over-King or Over-Queen)
The Lùquiù Kingdom, also known as Rùtxù, Ruchu, Ryukyu or Luchu, can be considered to date back to 1429, when King Xò Xin united Oquinawa Island, prior to that, there had been three kingdoms stretching back many centuries. The earliest residents of the islands appear to have come from Japan, and their language (or languages, depending on ones criteria for languagehood) is related to Japanese, forming the Japonic Family (itself frequently considered a branch of the Nissen Family, with Corean as the other branch). For several centuries, Lùquiù was in the unenviable position of being a vassal both of China and Japan (specifically the han of Saçuma).
In 1844, the French ship Alcmene arrived at Naha to open trade relations. The government, under orders from Saçuma, refused. Likewise, in 1846, the English ship Starling arrived with a similar goal. Both nations left missionaries behind, ostensibly for language study.
In 1849, Malcolm Silcox, an Englishman who'd arrived from the Starling, rose to become a trusted advisor of the Council of State. He convinced them to open negotiations with the Federated Kingdoms aimed at opening up trade and entering a protectorate relationship. In 1850, the Treaty of Naha was signed between the Lùquiù and the Federated Kingdoms. Lùquiù formally renounced its tributary relationship to Saçuma, though retaining the (largely nominal) tributary relationship with China.
In 1852, Saçuma han sent an invasion force to Lùquiù in an attempt to regain its lost tribute. The Federated Kingdoms pushed them back, and forced Saçuma to retrocede the Amami Islands which had been annexed in 1624. Saçuma also recognized the end of Lùquiù's vassalage. With English assistance, the Lùquiùans began a program of modernization. Within the context of the Mandala System, Lùquiù was seen as being in a tributary relationship to both China and the FK.
In 1889, formal relations were opened between Lùquiù and Japan. Shortly thereafter, Japan defeated China in the Sino-Japanese War. As a result of this war, Japan gained the island of Taiwan, and Corea became a vassal of Japan. With relations between Japan and the FK warming, and with Japan becoming a local Power, the Lùquiùan Council of State saw that it was in their best interests to improve relations with the Empire. Lùquiù became a close ally of Japan, and, in 1912, joined Corea and Japan in the formation of the East Asian Federation. At the same time, the protectorate relationship with the FK was terminated by mutual agreement.
This relationship ended in 1938 with the Chinese invasion. From that point until 1949, Lùquiù was administered by China as the vassal Kingdom of Luchu, with the king subject to a Governor imposed by China. Lùquiù regained its independence following the breakup of China. The Xò kings were seen as collaborating with the Chinese invaders and, after the liberation, the Xò Dynasty was barred from the throne, leading to a vacant throne. In 1952, Ninomiya Tacao was proclaimed King of Lùquiù, taking the name Gù Lù (derived from the On'yomi of the second candji of his surname and the first candi of his given name, following the pattern of 2-candji names set by earlier kings), proclaiming the start of the Gù Dynasty.
In Saisei 12 (1963), Lùquiù began to draw closer to Japan, becoming fully integrated on Saisei 18, Djùnigaçu 6 (January 10, 1970).
Lùquiù is a constitutional monarchy, the King sharing power with the Council of State, a body of three individuals elected by the Parliament of Lùquiù.
Kings of Lùquiù
First Xò Dynasty
Second Xò Dynasty
|9||Xò Xin||1477-1526||b. 1465|
|10||Xò Sei||1527-1555||b. 1497|
|11||Xò Gen||1556-1572||b. March 5, 1528|
|12||Xò Ei||1573-1588||b. 1559|
|13||Xò Nei||1589-1620||b. October 18, 1560||brother|
|14||Xò Hò||1621-1640||b. November 13, 1590|
|15||Xò Quen||1641-1647||b. September 15, 1625|
|16||Xò Xiçu||1648-1668||b. August 15, 1629||cousin|
|17||Xò Tei||1669-1709||b. December 16, 1645|
|18||Xò Equi||1710-1712||b. 1678|
|19||Xò Quei||1713-1751||b. June 19, 1700|
|21||Xò On||1795-1802||b. 1784|
|22||Xò Sei||1803||b. 1783|
|24||Xò Icu||1835-1847||b. 1813|
|25||Xò Tai||1848-1901||July 18, 1843|
|26||Xò Ten||1901-1949||b. August 2, 1864|
|28||Gù Lù||1952-1982||b. 1908 (retired)|
|29||Gù Ho||1982-||b. 1946|
|Yamato | Corea | Lùquiù | Ezo|