Lùquiù

From IBWiki

Jump to: navigation, search
琉球王国
Rùtxù Òcucu
Lùquiù Òcocu
Iugu Uañguk
Kingdom of Lùquiù
Luquiu flag.png
Official Languages Okinawan (Utxinaa-gutxi), Japanese, Corean
Major Religions Xintò (Shinto), Buddhism
Capital Xuri
Government Type Constitutional monarchy
Over-King His Majesty the Emperor
King Gù Ho
Sanxican
(Council of State)
Sessei
(Prime Minister)
Unification 1429
Currency ; 1 rò = 16 su = 400 fun (equal to Japanese lò)
Supranational Organizations Part of Japanese Empire

Lùquiù is a kingdom within the Japanese Empire, nearly contiguous with *here*s Okinawa Prefecture (though including the Amami Islands). It is governed by a king who is considered a vassal of the Emperor of Japan (bearing the title of Over-King or Over-Queen)

Contents

History

The Lùquiù Kingdom, also known as Rùtxù, Ruchu, Ryukyu or Luchu, can be considered to date back to 1429, when King Xò Xin united Oquinawa Island, prior to that, there had been three kingdoms stretching back many centuries. The earliest residents of the islands appear to have come from Japan, and their language (or languages, depending on ones criteria for languagehood) is related to Japanese, forming the Japonic Family (itself frequently considered a branch of the Nissen Family, with Corean as the other branch). For several centuries, Lùquiù was in the unenviable position of being a vassal both of China and Japan (specifically the han of Saçuma).

In 1844, the French ship Alcmene arrived at Naha to open trade relations. The government, under orders from Saçuma, refused. Likewise, in 1846, the English ship Starling arrived with a similar goal. Both nations left missionaries behind, ostensibly for language study.

In 1849, Malcolm Silcox, an Englishman who'd arrived from the Starling, rose to become a trusted advisor of the Council of State. He convinced them to open negotiations with the Federated Kingdoms aimed at opening up trade and entering a protectorate relationship. In 1850, the Treaty of Naha was signed between the Lùquiù and the Federated Kingdoms. Lùquiù formally renounced its tributary relationship to Saçuma, though retaining the (largely nominal) tributary relationship with China.

In 1852, Saçuma han sent an invasion force to Lùquiù in an attempt to regain its lost tribute. The Federated Kingdoms pushed them back, and forced Saçuma to retrocede the Amami Islands which had been annexed in 1624. Saçuma also recognized the end of Lùquiù's vassalage. With English assistance, the Lùquiùans began a program of modernization. Within the context of the Mandala System, Lùquiù was seen as being in a tributary relationship to both China and the FK.

In 1889, formal relations were opened between Lùquiù and Japan. Shortly thereafter, Japan defeated China in the Sino-Japanese War. As a result of this war, Japan gained the island of Taiwan, and Corea became a vassal of Japan. With relations between Japan and the FK warming, and with Japan becoming a local Power, the Lùquiùan Council of State saw that it was in their best interests to improve relations with the Empire. Lùquiù became a close ally of Japan, and, in 1912, joined Corea and Japan in the formation of the East Asian Federation. At the same time, the protectorate relationship with the FK was terminated by mutual agreement.

This relationship ended in 1938 with the Chinese invasion. From that point until 1949, Lùquiù was administered by China as the vassal Kingdom of Luchu, with the king subject to a Governor imposed by China. Lùquiù regained its independence following the breakup of China. The Xò kings were seen as collaborating with the Chinese invaders and, after the liberation, the Xò Dynasty was barred from the throne, leading to a vacant throne. In 1952, Ninomiya Tacao was proclaimed King of Lùquiù, taking the name Gù Lù (derived from the On'yomi of the second candji of his surname and the first candi of his given name, following the pattern of 2-candji names set by earlier kings), proclaiming the start of the Gù Dynasty.

In Saisei 12 (1963), Lùquiù began to draw closer to Japan, becoming fully integrated on Saisei 18, Djùnigaçu 6 (January 10, 1970).

Government

Lùquiù is a constitutional monarchy, the King sharing power with the Council of State, a body of three individuals elected by the Parliament of Lùquiù.

Kings of Lùquiù

First Xò Dynasty

1Xò Hazi1422-1439
2Xò Txu1440-1444
3Xò Xitaçu1445-1448
4Xò Quinfucu1450-1453
5Xò Taiquiu1454-1460
6Xò Tocu1461-1468

Second Xò Dynasty

7Xò En1470-1476
8Xò Seni1477
9Xò Xin1477-1526b. 1465
10Xò Sei1527-1555b. 1497
11Xò Gen1556-1572b. March 5, 1528
12Xò Ei1573-1588b. 1559
13Xò Nei1589-1620b. October 18, 1560brother
14Xò Hò1621-1640b. November 13, 1590
15Xò Quen1641-1647b. September 15, 1625
16Xò Xiçu1648-1668b. August 15, 1629cousin
17Xò Tei1669-1709b. December 16, 1645
18Xò Equi1710-1712b. 1678
19Xò Quei1713-1751b. June 19, 1700
RegentSai On1751-17521682-1761
20Xò Bocu1752-1794
21Xò On1795-1802b. 1784
22Xò Sei1803b. 1783
23Xò Co1804-18341787-1839
24Xò Icu1835-1847b. 1813
25Xò Tai1848-1901July 18, 1843
26Xò Ten1901-1949b. August 2, 1864
27Xò Hiroxi19491918-1997

Chinese Governors

Gù Dynasty

28Gù Lù1952-1982b. 1908 (retired)
29Gù Ho1982-b. 1946


Japanese flag   Primary Divisions of Japanese Empire   Japanese flag
States
Yamato | Corea | Lùquiù | Ezo
Protectorate
Nittatò
Condominium
Meidji-dò
Personal tools
discussion