Japanese currency

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Currency in the Empire consists of several linked currencies using cognate names.

Contents

Yamato and Ezo

The currency units in Yamato and Ezo are: 1 lò (両) = 16 xu (朱) = 400 fun (分). Prices are given in the format 1両1朱1分 or 1L 1x 1f.

The modern currency got its start with the New Coinage Act of Meidji 4 (1871), which pegged the then-circulating ryoh (as it was romanized the time) to the commonly-circulating Spanish Dollar at the rate of 3 ryoh to 4 dollars and fixed the exchange rate between the formerly gold-bsaed ryoh and the silver monme at 40 monme to the ryoh. The monme at the time was further subdivided into 10 fun or 100 rin (lin in modern romanization). In addition, there were small copper coins known as mon worth 10,000 to the ryoh. These were abolished as a currency, with the rin as the smallest unit.

Prior to the Civil War, a number of denominations were issued in paper, from 1 ryoh to 100 ryoh. During the Civil War, smaller banknotes were produced, in denominations of 1 xu, 2 xu, 1 bu (4 xu), and 2 bu (8 xu). The ryoh suffered significant inflation during the War and its aftermath, with bills as high as 10,000 ryoh issued. The currency was revalued after the economy restabilized at the rate of 5 lò (as it was now romanized) to the pound.

Yamato's mints are located in Òsaca, Edo, and Hiroxima (the Hiroxima mint was originally founded to mint trade coinage, and coinage for Japanese dependencies, today it's primarily used for coinage for the Micronesian Confederation and Meidji-dò plus commemorative coins). Òsaca is the main branch. Banknotes are produced in Òsaca and Edo. Ezo's coins and banknotes are produced in Sapporo.

Japan Meidji-dò Commonwealth Equivalent
1 Lò 16/- 4/-
1 Xu 1 Peseta 3d
1 Fun .48 Sen .12d

Circulating Coins of Yamato and Ezo

Circulating coins
Coin Value Composition Mass Obverse Reverse Diameter
(Or dimensions)
Thickness Commonwealth
Equivalent
1 Lò 20 suc silver 7 dr 20 gr Stylized map of the Empire
一両 (One Lò) horizontal
Dragon; "1 Lò" 1 uc 7 dc 1 dc 4/-
Half-Lò 8 Xu 20 suc silver 3 dr 40 gr 半両 (Half Lò) between two Chinese Phoenixis Dragon; "½ Lò" 1 uc 1 dc 14 lc 15 lc 2/-
Bu 4 Xu 20 suc silver 1 dr 50 gr 四朱 (4 Xu) Several cherry blossoms; "4 Xu" 1 uc (height)
6 dc 14 lc (width)
13¾ lc 1/-
Half-Bu 2 Xu 20 suc silver 55 gr Paulownia; 二朱 (Two Xu) Intricate vine pattern; "2 Xu" 10 dc (height)
6 dc 4 lc (width)
9 lc 6d
Xu 25 Fun 18 suc copper
6 suc nickel
1 dr 一朱 (One Xu) Mount Fuji; "1 Xu" 8 dc 10¼ lc 12 lc 3d
Cò† (2004-2005) 10 Fun 18 suc copper
6 suc nickel
45 gr Naruhito, Prince Hiro
浩宮 (Hiro-no-miya)
十分 (20 Fun); "10 Fun" 8 dc 3 lc 10 lc 1.2d
Cò (2006- ) 十分 (10 Fun) Ear of rice; "10 Fun"
Monme† 10 Fun 15 suc copper
9 suc zinc
1 dr 6 gr 十分 (10 Fun) "10 Fun" 10 dc 11¼ lc(outer)
2 dc 7 lc(hole)
11¾ lc 1.2d
Half-Monme 5 Fun 15 suc copper
9 suc zinc
半匁 (½ monme) Young tree; "5 Fun" 9 dc 10½ lc 9 lc .6d
Fun 1 Fun Aluminium 10 gr 一分 (1 Fun) Sunburst; "1 Fun" 7 dc 7¾ lc 10 lc .48f

Notes:
†The monme was discontinued in Saisei 53 (2004), at the same time that the Cò was introduced.

The obverse is determined by the side that has the chrysanthemum seal on it (small, unless otherwise noted). The reverse of all coins bears the date and the legend 大日本 (Great Japan). Candji values are generally written vertically, unless otherwise stated.

Bullion Coins of Yamato and Ezo

In addition to the coins listed before, the Imperial Japanese Mint also produces gold coins for bullion. They are technically legal tender, but trade for many times higher than face value, depending on the current market value of gold.

Bullion coins
Coin Face Value Composition Mass Gold Content Obverse Reverse Diameter Thickness
Meidji 20 Lò 20 suc gold 1 uc 3 dr 1 uc 1 dr 10 gr Map of Empire
Half-Meidji 10 Lò 20 suc gold 5 dr 30 gr 4 dr 35 gr
Quarter-Meidji 5 Lò 20 suc gold 2 dr 45 gr 2 dr 17½ gr

Banknotes of Yamato and Ezo

Banknotes in circulation
Value Dominant Color Front Back Dimensions
(dociculae)
2½ Lò Yellow Yasucuni Shrine Mount Fuji, Cherry Blossoms 30 x 50
5 Lò Light Orange Lady Murasaqui Xiquibu Scene from The Tale of Gendji 35 x 60
10 Lò Orange Ii Naosuque Imperial Parliament Building 40 x 70
25 Lò Pale Green Prince Xòtocu Imperial Palace 45 x 80
50 Lò Green Itò Hirobumi 50 x 85
100 Lò Pale Blue Sugawara no Mitxizane Dazaifu Temmañgù 55 x 95
250 Lò Blue Fudjiwara no Camatali 60 x 100
500 Lò Light Purple Osaca Castle 65 x 110
1000 Lò Purple Daicocu 70 x 120

The curent series of banknotes (2½ lò to 250 lò) was introduced in 1994, and is produced from a polymer compound. Previous series used paper. 500 and 1000 lò are no longer produced, but remain legal tender. 100 and 250 lò are uncommon, but seen from time to time in large purchases.

In addition to the preceding denominations, notes of 100,000 and 1,000,000 lò are produced to back notes produced by subsidary banks of the Japanese Currency Union. These notes are a pale blue with abstract geometric designs.

Corea

The currency units in Corea are 1 iañ (両) = 16 chu (朱) = 640 phun (分).

Corea's mints are located in Kieñseñ and Phieñiañ.

Corean Circulating Coins

Circulating coins
Coin Value Composition Mass Obverse Reverse Diameter
(Or dimensions)
Thickness Commonwealth
Equivalent
Iañ 1 Iañ 20 suc silver 7 dr 20 gr Stylized map of the Empire
一両 (One Yañ) horizontal
Two dragons; "1 Yañ" 1 uc 7 dc 1 dc 4/-
Half-Iañ 8 Chu 20 suc silver 3 dr 40 gr Two dragons; "½ Yañ" 1 uc 1 dc 14 lc 15 lc 2/-
Pu 4 Chu 20 suc silver 1 dr 50 gr 1/-
Half-Pu 2 Chu 20 suc silver 55 gr 6d
Chu 25 Phun 18 suc copper
6 suc nickel
1 dr 8 dc 10¼ lc 12 lc 3d
Ho† (2004-2005) 20 Phun 18 suc copper
6 suc nickel
45 gr 8 dc 3 lc 10 lc 1.2d
Ho (2006-2007)
Monme† 10 Phun 15 suc copper
9 suc zinc
1 dr 6 gr 10 dc 11¼ lc(outer)
2 dc 7 lc(hole)
11¾ lc 1.2d
Half-Mun 5 Phun Aluminium 15 gr 9 dc 10½ lc 9 lc .6d
Phun 1 Phun Aluminium 10 gr 7 dc 7¾ lc 10 lc .48f

Notes:
†The Monme was discontinued in Saisei 53 (2004), at the same time that the Ho was introduced, but revived in Còsan 2 (2007), with the Ho discontinued

Corean Bullion Coins

Bullion coins
Coin Face Value Composition Mass Gold Content Obverse Reverse Diameter Thickness
Mieñji 20 Iañ 20 suc gold 1 uc 3 dr 1 uc 1 dr 10 gr Map of Empire
Half-Mieñji 10 Iañ 20 suc gold 5 dr 30 gr 4 dr 35 gr
Quarter-Mieñji 5 Iañ 20 suc gold 2 dr 45 gr 2 dr 17½ gr

Corean Banknotes

Banknotes in circulation
Value Dominant Color Front Back Dimensions
(dociculae)
2½ Iañ Yellow 30 x 50
5 Iañ Light Orange 35 x 60
10 Iañ Orange 40 x 70
25 Iañ Pale Green 45 x 80
50 Iañ Green 50 x 85
100 Iañ Pale Blue 55 x 95
250 Iañ Blue 60 x 100
500 Iañ Light Purple 65 x 110
1000 Iañ Purple 70 x 120

Lùquiù

The currency units in Lùquiù are 1 rò (両) = 16 Su (朱) = 400 fun (分).

Lùquiù's mint is located in Xuri.

Lùquiùan Circulating Coins

Circulating coins
Coin Value Composition Mass Obverse Reverse Diameter
(Or dimensions)
Thickness Commonwealth
Equivalent
Half-Rò 8 Su 20 suc silver 3 dr 40 gr 1 uc 1 dc 14 lc 15 lc 2/-
Bu 4 Su 20 suc silver 1 dr 50 gr 1/-
Riaru 2 Su 20 suc silver 55 gr 6d
Su 25 Fun 18 suc copper
6 suc nickel
1 dr 8 dc 10¼ lc 12 lc 3d
Cò† (2004-2005) rowspan=210 Fun 18 suc copper
6 suc nickel
45 gr 8 dc 3 lc 10 lc 1.2d
Cò (2006- )
Monme† 10 Fun 15 suc copper
9 suc zinc
1 dr 6 gr 10 dc 11¼ lc(outer)
2 dc 7 lc(hole)
11¾ lc 1.2d
Half-Monme 5 Fun Aluminium 15 gr 9 dc 10½ lc 9 lc .6d
Fun 1 Fun Aluminium 10 gr 7 dc 7¾ lc 10 lc .48f

Notes:
†The monme and cò are both produced in Lùquiù.

Lùquiùan Banknotes

Banknotes in circulation
Value Dominant Color Front Back Dimensions
(dociculae)
1 Rò Pale Yellow 25 x 45
2½ Rò Yellow 30 x 50
5 Rò Light Orange 35 x 60
10 Rò Orange 40 x 70
25 Rò Pale Green 45 x 80
50 Rò Green 50 x 85
100 Rò Pale Blue 55 x 95

For larger denominations, Corean and Yamato bills are used.

Micronesian Confederation

The Micronesian Confederation uses the Yamatoan currency, the coins being produced by the Hiroxima mint in Japan. Paper money, produced in the MC, is printed in values of 8 xu, 1 lò, 2½ lò, 5 lò, 10 lò, 25 lò

Wa'ab has its own names for the units, which appears on money produced in or for Wa'ab. They are:
Lò = Mmbul
Bu = Gaw
Xu = Ray
Momme = Yar
Fun = Reng
These names are derived from the names of the traditional "stone money" of Wa'ab.

Kanawiki

Kanawiki's money is based on the Yamato system. 1 Lioo (リヲー) = 16 kiuu (キヲゥー) = 400 hunu (フヌ).

Meidji-dò

Most of Meidji-dò's coins and banknotes are produced in Hiroxima. Meidji-dò's currency is based on that of Montrei's. 1 yen = 20 peseta = 240 sen (1 yen = 1 aulón; 1 peseta = 1 peseta; 1 sen = 1 sucúo). 1 Yen is equal to 20 xu

Meidji-dò Japan Commonwealth
1 Yen 1 lò 4 xu 5/-
1 Peseta 1 Xu 3d
1 Sen 21/12 Fun ¼d

Circulating Coins of Meidji-dò

NameValueMetal
Yen
1 yenSilver
Half-Yen
半圓
10 peseta
Quarter-Yen
四半圓
5 peseta
Riaru
リアル
2½ peseta
Peseta
ペセタ
1 peseta
Half-peseta
半ペセタ
6 sencopper
Fun
3 sen
Sen
1 sen

Banknotes of Meidji-dò

Banknotes in circulation
Value Dominant Color Front Back Dimensions
(dociculae)
1 Yen Pale Yellow Ivan Kuskov Old Roshiya 25 x 45
2 Yen Yellow Emperor Meidji Kashaya settlement 30 x 50
4 Yen Light Orange 35 x 60
8 Yen Orange 40 x 70
20 Yen Pale Green 45 x 80
40 Yen Green 50 x 85
80 Yen Pale Blue 55 x 95
200 Yen Blue 60 x 100
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