Monastic Republic

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The Serene Monastic Republic of the Holy Mountain
Flag of the SMRHM Coat of arms of Serbia
state flag coat of arms
MRmap.PNG
map of the Monastic Republic
Motto Ιρίν δια Πίστ
Peace through faith
National Anthem Upon This Land
Towns
Capital Karyes
40,15'25"N
24,14'43"E
Towns Prosforion, Aktí, Amoulián
Military Post Dafni
Government theocratic republic
Head of State and Government His Serene Grace Loukas of Holy Archangels (2010)
Demonym Athonite
Independence 1) first monastery 963
2) from the Ottoman Empire 10/3-5/1870
3) from the Ecumenical Patriarch 7/5/1887
4) acceded to by His Beatitude 9/14/1889.
Area 1357.3 cc.
411.3 km²
158.8 mi²
Population 1,724 (2010)
Ethnicities - Citizens Greek 51%
Lebanese 36%
Mixed 12%
Chinese <1%
Ethnicities - Monks Greek 74%
Armenian 1%
Bulgarian 4%
Georgian <1%
Serbian 5%
Russian 11%
British 2%
Lebanese <1%
Assyrian <1%
Languages
Official Athonite
Monks Greek
Armenian
Bulgarian
Georgian
Serbian
Russian
Brithenig
Syriac
Religions
Official Autocephalous Monastic Orthodox Church of the Holy Mountain
Others Armenian Orthodox
Bulgarian Orthodox
Georgian Orthodox
Serbian Orthodox
Russian Orthodox
British Catholic Church
Maronite Catholic
Assyrian Church of the East
Currency 1 mina (M) = 20 drachmae (δ) = 240 lepta (λ)
ISO Code AO
Time zone UTC +1
Telephone Code 368
Registration
Aviation AAO nn
Marine ΝAO nn
Amateur radio ΡAO nn
Radio prefix RAO
Organizations Commission on Very Small States
Sports
Official gymnastics
Other soccer
archery
swimming
diving
fencing

The Monastic Republic, officially the Serene Monastic Republic of the Holy Mountain (Γαλινότατ Μοναστίκ Διμοκρατί Αγι Όρου)(Greek: η Γαληνότατη Μοναστική Δημοκρατία Αγίου Όρους), is a country in Eastern Europe, occupying the easternmost peninsula of Chalkidiki. The capital is Karyes.

Contents

Brief History

According to the legend the Virgin Mary (Παναγί), accompanied by St. John the Evangelist, was sailing from Joppa to Cyprus to visit Lazarus. When the ship was blown off course to Aktí (Ακτή), the pagan Athos, it was forced to drop anchor near the port of Klement, close to the present-day monastery of St. John the Iberian. The Mother of Jesus walked ashore and, overwhelmed by the wonderful and wild natural beauty of the mountain she blessed it and asked her Son to give it to her as a garden. And he replied, "Let this place be your inheritance and your garden, a paradise and a haven of salvation for those seeking to be saved." Ever since then the mountain has been consecrated as the garden of the Mother of God and, for this reason, it is out of bounds to any other women.

The first monastery was built in 963. At one time there were over 300 monasteries and sketes on the peninsula. By the time of independence only 19 were occupied. The monasteries suffered, sometimes severely, at the hands of the Crusaders and the Turks. At the conclusion of the First Balkan War, in 1870, the Monastic Republic was given its independence as a permanently neutral nation as the result of the treaty with the defeated Ottoman Empire. In 1878, the Holy Synod, the governing body of the Republic, unilaterally severed its ties to the Ecumenical Patriarchate. In 1889, the Patriarch acceded and consecrated the archimandrite as bishop.

Timelines

Timelines of the MR

Historical Timeline, Timeline of Fires, Rotation Schedule for the Archimandrites, Public Law Chronology

Physical Description

Physical Description of the MR

Geography, Territorial Waters, Climate, Vegetation, Fauna

Government

Government of the MR

Definitions, the Archimandrite, the Holy Synod, the Holy Council, the Lowland and the Isles

Economy

Economy of the MR: Tourism, Agriculture, Industries, Imports

Currency of the MR

Health Care

Healthcare in the MR

Public Safety

Gendarmery of the MR

The Gendarmery, Public Law No. 8, Organization, The Uniforms, The Evzones

Transportation

Transportation in the MR

Aviation in the MR

Demography

Demography of the MR

Education

Education in the MR

Religion

Catholic Church in the MR

Pilgrimage to the Holy Mountain

Religion in the MR

St. George the Painter, History of

Typikon of Mount Athos

Monastery of St. Thomas

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