|National motto: Emendandus.|
Tunisian Arabic (Tounsi)
|Important Cities|| Palermo|
|Monarch||Carlo V d''e Dùie Sicilie|
|Area||291,389 sq. km|
The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies has as its head of state Charles VI of Aragon (locally, Carlo V d''e Dùie Sicilie), but the monarch spends most of his time in his home country, leaving the regular administration of the country to the parliament and Prime Minister.
The parliament of the Two Sicilies is a group of representatives elected from each of the country's four reggioni. The parliament currently consists of 64 representatives, 24 from Cartago, 25 from Nàpule, 9 from Sicilia, and 8 from Sardigna. Half of the parliament is reelected every three years so that in total any given representative may serve a total of six years in parliament. Every year, the parliament selects its Prime Minister, a member of the political party which controls a plurality of seats. If there is a tie, the tied parties alternate years, beginning with whichever party selected a Prime Minister most recently.
The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies is divided into four reggioni (regions, singular reggione):
- Nàpule (mainland Two Sicilies)
- Sicilia (the island of Sicily)
- Sardigna (the island of Sardinia)
- Cartago (the Two Sicilian province in Africa)
The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies got its start on the island of Sicily, centered at Palermo. It was founded by the Norman de Hautvilles. Their influence and rule spread to the southern peninsula, south of the Holy See. After the Battle of Benevento (1266), the de Hautvilles moved their capital to lovely Naples.
After the uprising of 1282, the Sicilian Vespers, the island of Sicily became a dependency of Aragon, though it was still a kingdom under de Bourbon rule. The de Hautvilles ruling the mainland still claimed the island, of course, and also retained the name of Sicily for the mainland portion of their realm.
Reality caused this part to be generally called the Kingdom of Naples, however. De Hautville rule passed on to the de Bourbon house (who also ruled over the other Sicily) and back again. The kings of Naples had long been traditionally referred to as kings of the Two Sicilies regardless of house.
Eventually, though, the de Bourbon line on the island of Sicily died out, and the kingdom passed to direct Aragonese rule in 1409. In 1442, the kingdom of Naples likewise became an Aragonese dependency.
Sicily was conquered by France in 1798 along with Malta. Though Malta revolted with English help, the two Sicilies were reunited under the de Bourbon kings of Aragon, who allied themselves with Napoleon in typical fashion. After the Napoleonic Incident, the Two Sicilies continued on with no particular ties to France other than those of the Aragonese kings. There was no unification in 1861, so the Two Sicilies was not assumed by the new Kingdom of Italy, as *here*.
Ferdinando IV reined over a reunited Two Sicilies from 1810 to 1833, Francesco I from 1833 to 1856, Luigi II from 1856 to 1884, Luigi III from 1884 to 1887, Filipo V from 1887 to 1904, and Carlo IV from 1904 to 1915, when he was deposed by Italian republicans and briefly lost his territory on the Sicilian mainland.
During GW1, there was a revolution which embroiled partisans from Naples, Umbria, the Patrimony, Tuscany, Romagna and Venetia who were dissatisfied with the current state of affairs in "Italy". In 1916, they announced the formation of the (short-lived) Roman Republic and made Rome their capital.
Naples was lost in 1918 to Sicilian forces; Venetia and Tuscany were liberated by Lombardy before 1921. The Republic held on to Romagna, eastern Florence (Lombard territory) and Abruzzi (Sicilian territory) until 1929. At the behest of the Pope who had escaped to Naples, Lombard, Sicilian and Dalmatian forces allied themselves with the remnants of the Pope's armies and at last brought an end to the Roman Republic.
In 1929, at the Lateran, a treaty was signed by which territory was exchanged for the help received in restoring the Holy See. Romagna became Lombard; the South Marches (north of Abruzzi) went to Sicily. Dalmatia was paid for its services.
A restored Carlo IV ruled until 1931, when he was succeeded by his daughter Maria Isabel I. An ardent reformer, Maria Isabel, in conjunction with local officials and politicians, began to take steps to turn the Two Sicilies into a constitutional monarchy, rather than the absolute monarchy which until then had been popularly perceived as little more than a colony of Barcelona. A constitution was rapidly adopted after her accession, providing for a prime minister, a Parliament, and other trappings of democracy which had long been enshrined in law in mainland Aragon and Riu de l'Argent. In addition, she also allowed both men and women to vote in elections, a highly progressive move for the time. For this reason, she is often referred to as "a Magna" (the Great) in the Two Sicilies, and it is her reforms that are often credited with avoiding Sicily befalling the same fate that Castile did in 1931.
The Two Sicilies is located on the island of Sicily and the south of the Italian Peninsula. The African portion of the Two Sicilies is known as the Empire of Tunisia.
The peninsular part of the Two Sicilies borders the Papal States and Italy on the north. The Empire of Tunisia borders the Maghreb Caliphate on the south and Libya on the west. In 1911, the Kingdom of Tripolitana in the federation of Libya became a condominium shared with the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.