|National motto: none|
|Other||Serbian, Sanjaki, Croatian, Slovenian, Albanian, Hungarian, German, Russian (in New Dalmatia)|
|Important Cities||Agram, Czieta da Saray, Spalatu, Toarzac, Kampa da Miarle, Anxiara, Yaxiar, Skutara|
|Head of state||Aurial Ybl|
|Chief of government||Aurial Ybl|
|Independence||Declared in 1990; formalised by 1994|
|Other||Roman Catholic (including breakway Dalmatian Orthodox-Catholic Church, Islam, Serbian Orthodox, Judaism|
|Sports||football, basketball, ice hockey (in New Dalmatia, gaining popularity in Dalmatia proper)|
|Organizations||Community of Dalmatophone States|
The structure and organisation of the Republic of Dalmatia is set forth in the Constitution of the Republic of Dalmatia.
The head of state of the Dalmatian Republic is the Prime Minister, who is also chairman of the Dalmatian Senate and of the Dalmatian Parliament. The current Prime Minister is Aurial Ybl, who was on 13 July 2003 re-elected to a second term.
The Parliament is elected by the people through secret ballot. The voter votes more by party than by candidate - ballots are printed for use in all ridings, and present only the names of all registered political parties with a checkbox beside it, though at the polling place there is a list posted of the names of the candidates. Laws limit the amount and content of campaign propaganda.
There are 147 seats in Parliament, one for each Electoral District. The party winning the most seats becomes the governing party, but in order to form a majority government they must receive at least 33% of the seats. If the party with the most seats has less than 33% of the seats, the head of that party must select another party with which to form a coalition government; this coalition must also have at least 33% of the seats in Parliament. Since the election on 13 July 2003, there is a coalition government made up of the Dalmatian Social Credit Party, who received 29.93% (44 seats) of all seats, and the Central Party, who received 7.48% (11 seats) of all seats; this gives the coalition 37.41% (55 seats) of all seats.
The Senate is made up of the various Chief Ministers of the sixteen State Ministries, the Chancellor of the Exchequer and the Prime Minister. The State Ministries are the Ministries of Agriculture, Culture & Tourism, Defence, Energy, Environment, Fisheries, Foreign Affairs & International Trade, Health, Home Affairs, Industry & Labour, Maritime Affairs, Mining, Science & Technology, State Security, Transportation & Communications and Welfare & Education. In addition, the Exchequer is considered to be a State Ministry. The members of the Senate are appointed by the Prime Minister.
The current Defence Council is composed of Prime Minister Aurial Ybl, Chancellor of the Exchequer Ilza Dalmicz, Chief of the General Staff Marshal Paulu Negresku, UD, General of the Army General Agim Czeku, UD, Admiral of the Air Force Air Admiral Nikola Yagr, EUD, Admiral of the Navy Admiral Yosef Szakicz, FMD, Minister of Defence Commodore Serxhan Yonesku, FMD ret., Minister of Energy dipl. ing. Cziprian Salketicz, Minister of Foreign Affairs & International Trade Radu Lupul, Minister of Home Affairs Elvir Haxhesku, Minister of Science & Technology dipl. ing. Elke Caythaml, Minister for State Security Vilhelm Pik, Minister of Transportation & Communication Yurgen Vayshaupt.
Dalmatia has 23 cantons including the Raguza Free City, which is a separate entity from the Raguza Canton:
1. Liara Czieta Raguza (Raguza Free City) 2. Kanton Agram 3. Kanton Anxiara 4. Kanton Bakar 5. Kanton Berana 6. Kanton Bihacz 7. Kanton Czasma 8. Kanton Delnica 9. Kanton Gorajda 10. Kanton Islele (Islands) 11. Kanton Dardania 12. Kanton Kozara 13. Kanton Metlika 14. Kanton Raguza 15. Kanton Saray 16. Kanton Sisek 17. Kanton Skutara 18. Kanton Spalatu 19. Kanton Tiara da Narul (Land of the Neretva) 20. Kanton Ulpiana 21. Kanton Una-Sana 22. Kanton Yaica 23. Kanton Zenica
Kings of Dalmatia The earliest known record of a Dalmatian state dates to 921 CE, when king Aurial I united the people of a more-or-less common tongue living on the Adriatic islands from Biaxha in the north to Faru in the south, and on the coastal mainland from Spalatu to Plocza.
Over the next 50 years Aurial I engaged in a series of successful campaigns at the end of which the territory of Dalmatia covered the area having a border line of Biaxha - Agram - Slávonsky Brod - Doboj - Užice - Ceautu. In 977, the expansion-minded Hungarians attacked the northern outpost of Agram, and in the ensuing battle Aurial died, but the Dalmatian defenders successfully repelled the Hungarians. Aurial's son, Paulu, who was one of the army's top generals, became king. Paulu then continued the expansion, advancing as far east as Belgrade and as far south as Skutara by 1009.
In 1017 the Hungarians again attacked Agram and were routed, and in punishment Paulu led an expedition to Temesvár, razing the town completely and returning with a large amount of plunder and a great number of prisoners. Paulu I died in 1019, and his son, also Paulu, became king. Over the course of Paulu II reign few large battles were fought, and during this time the Dalmatian state congealed into a cohesive whole. Paulu was a wise and just ruler, and during this time arts flourished.
Paulu II died in 1064, leaving his son, Marczalu, to rule the powerful and rich Dalmatian empire. Marczalu was a stable but unspectacular king, as were his successors Aurial II, Paulu III and Yon I. Yon I died in 1202 without a son, and his daughter Eliza became queen at the age of 15. Up until Yon's death Dalmatia was going through its first "golden age", and Dalmatian art from this period is held in great esteem.
Eliza married a Montenegrin prince in 1211 and gave birth to a son, Serxhan, in 1212. Eliza maintained stability and ruled until Serxhan was old enough to become king, at the age of 16, in 1228. Serxhan's reign saw another large increase in the territory of Dalmatia. At the time of his death in 1261, the border was Biaxha - Csáktornya - Peèuh - Belgrade - Zajeèar - Užice - Preševo - Skopie - Durrësi. When he died, his son Cziprianu was crowned king. Cziprianu was a prize royal imbecile, and after suffering defeats under him, and consequently losing Peèuh, Osijek and Novi Sad, his top general, Yon Korneyicz, assassinated him and had his brother, Stefanu, crowned in 1329. Under Stefanu Osijek was recaptured in 1343. In 1351 Stefanu led an army against Florina but was repelled by the Turks, who by this time had expanded to cover all of Greece and Bulgaria. The Turco-Dalmatian frontier ran Dimitrovgrad - Gyueshevo - Skopie - Vlora. North of Dimitrovgrad, Dalmatia bordered on Hungary. Stefanu was killed in the battle of Florina, and his 14-year-old son became king Kornaiyu I.
During Kornaiyu's reign, the Turks became more belligerent, and the lands of southern Albania were lost, the Turks advancing as far north as Elbasani and Tetovë. In 1389, the Turks and Dalmatians faced off in what was up till then the largest battle in Dalmatian history, at Battle of Kampa da Miarle. The Dalmatians successfully repelled the Turkish attack, but were badly mauled in the battle. When the fighting had completely subsided there were nearly 40,000 corpses strewn about the fields, included those of the Turkish general Ali Pasha and King Kornaiyu.
The next century was very bad for Dalmatia, being "blessed" with three straight imbecile rulers, Aurial III, Kornaiyu II and Tomu. During this time the Turks led a series of successful campaigns, and by the time of Tomu's death in 1571 the territory of Dalmatia was reduced to Biaxhu - Miatulu - Nenia - Jaica - Zenica - Raguza.
Tomu's son Agafon became king upon his father's death, and in 1588 Agafon signed a treaty with the Austrian empire, which established a new state, the Austro-Bohemo-Dalmatian triple monarchy. This lasted until 1612, when Bohemia split from the union.
The first years after the creation of the Austro-Bohemo-Dalmatian monarchy went well, and the country was ruled in three parts: Austria consisted of Austria proper, Styria, Tyrolia, and Carinthia, Bohemia of Bohemia proper, Moravia, Silesia and Lusatia, while Dalmatia was made up of those lands of the Dalmatian crown as were not under Turkish occupation. King Tomu abdicated after the union, and Kaiser Rudolf II of the House of Habsburg became King Rudolf of Dalmatia, ending the nearly 700 year reign of the house of Aurial.
When Rudolf dissevered in 1612 Bohemian Kingdom after Vienna Treaty, the short reign of King Mateu (Kaiser Matthias), happened from 1612 to 1619. Following Mateu's death in 1619, Kaiser Ferdinand II ascended to the Dalmatian throne as King Ferdinand I, and he reigned until his death in 1637, to be followed by Ferdinand II (Kaiser Ferdinand III), who reigned until 1657.
In 1657, after Ferdinand died, Leopold I was crowned Kaiser of Austria and King of Dalmatia. Under his rule the situation deteriorated to the point where Dalmatia was essentially nothing more than a province of the Austrian empire, though nominally it did remain an equal partner in the monarchy. The time of the reign of Ferdinand, his successor Josef I (Yosef I in Dalmatian), who reigned from 1705 to 1711 and his successor Karol I (Kaiser Karl VI) from 1711 to 1740, is commonly regarded as the lowest point in Dalmatian history. During this time, Dalmatian culture, art and literature stagnated.
In 1740, Maria Tereza became Empress and Queen, to be followed by her husband, Fransesk I Stefanu (Franz I Stefan), and though he ruled with an iron hand, he did allow the establishment of various Dalmatian cultural institutions, and permitted the reopening of the University of Raguza, which was established in 1401 but closed in 1666 by a decree of Leopold I.
Fransesk I Stefanu died in 1765, and Yosef II (Kaiser Josef II) ascended to the throne. His reign ended with his death in 1790, and was followed by the two-year reign of Leopold II (Kaiser Leopold II), from 1790 to 1792. After Leopold II's death, Fransesk II (Kaiser Franz II) was crowned.
In the early 1800s a Dalmatian nationalist movement arose under the "leadership" of Radumir Lupicz (he wasn't truly the leader, just the most prominent of Dalmatian nationalists). Initially, the activities of the nationalists were tolerated by the Austrian authorities, but in 1831 the Fransesk II ordered the arrests prominent Dalmatians, including Lupicz. Fransesk II died in 1835 and was followed by Ferdinand III (Kaiser Ferdinand I of Austria). In 1837 eleven leading Dalmatian nationalists, including Radumir Lupicz and Marczelu Yordanicz were executed at Belgrade. The executions prompted riots in Raguza, Agram, Sopiana and Spalatu. The riots lasted for several days, and in the second week of rioting, the Serbian potentate Radovan Djordjevic, voivod of the Serbian province which was under Austrian suzerainty, offered to mobilise an army of volunteers to move against the rebels. This offer was accepted by the crown and the revolution was crushed. As a reward for their loyalty, the Serbs were given the provinces of Batschka and Nord-Bosnia, which were part of the lands of the Dalmatian crown. These lands, together with the Serbian province, were united to form a Serbian entity within the Monarchy.
Ferdinand III died in 1848 - the year of great revolutions all over Europe, and Fransesk Yosef (Kaiser Franz Josef) ascended to the throne. Fransesk Yosef I was the most liberal of all the Kaisers with regard to the Dalmatians, and he granted an autonomy to the Dalmatians. In theory this autonomy included local government, and a parliament was formed, but it was basically just for show, as in reality all this autonomy amounted to was that the trains were inscribed "Biafiarul Dalmatesku" ("Dalmatian Railways") instead of "k.u.k. Staatseisenbahn" ("Imperial and Royal State Railways"). In 1868, twenty years into Fransesk Yosef's reign, the series of wars collectively known as the First Balkan War broke out. The Hungarians, who had been under Turkish rule since the mid 17th century, successfully threw off the Turkish yoke in the latter half of 1869. This was quickly followed by Muntenian independence in 1877, Montenegrin in 1883 and Bulgarian in 1893. In 1890, the old Dalmatian lands of Hercegovina and eastern Bosnia, which had been under Turkish domination, gained independence and the Kingdom of Dalmatian Hercegovina was established, with a member of the house of Aurial, Nikolu Aurialicz, becoming king. Nikolu's desire to liberate the Dalmatian lands under Austrian rule and to rebuild the ancient Dalmatian kingdom was widely known, and Dalmatians everywhere eventually grew to regard him as their true King.
At the end of the First Balkan War the map of the region changed considerably. The Ottoman Empire was almost completely expelled from Europe, having held on only to Albania. New independent states of Muntenia, Hungary, Montenegro, Bulgaria and Dalmatian Hercegovina emerged, and the Duesicilian involvement in the war resulted in Albania becoming a protectorate of the Two Sicilies.
In 1901, the kings of Dalmatian Hercegovina, Muntenia and the Two Sicilies signed a mutual defence treaty and an economic and cultural cooperation treaty, based on their common Roman heritage. This pact became known as the Triple Entente. King Nikolu of DH also signed a cultural cooperation treaty with France in 1904.
During this time events occured in Austria as well. The Dalmatians living under Austrian rule began agitating for independence, and the Austrian authorities (note that Fransesk Yosef was on the throne at this time, the same Fransesk Yosef who earlier granted the Dalmatians a degree of autonomy) responded with mass arrests of prominent Dalmatians and the banning of the Dalmatian language and national symbols. In 1905 the name of the state was officially changed from "Austro-Dalmatian Monarchy" to "Austrian Empire" ("Österreichische Kaiserreich").
In 1908 Dalmatian Hercegovina sent a legation to Vienna officially to complain about the treatment of ethnic Dalmatians in Austria, but the legation was expelled before having had a chance to meet with the Kaiser or his representatives, on the grounds that Austria had not formally recognised the Kingdom of Dalmatian Hercegovina. In the following months Italian and DH warships harrassed Austrian shipping in the Adriatic, and war almost broke out in 1909 when an Austrian cruiser and a DH frigate exchanged shots over the bow. The captain of the DH ship realised that he would have no chance of defeating the far larger Austrian ship, and broke off.
In 1911 the Austrian authorities stripped ethnic Dalmatians of their passports and closed their border with Dalmatian Hercegovina. The situation remained tense until 3 February 1914, when Archduke Ferdinand was assassinated in Agram. The Austrian gendarmerie arrested an ethnic Dalmatian and executed him after finding him guilty of the murder, though evidence discovered in the 1930s give reason to believe that the assassination was the work of the Austrian secret police.
Austria then issued Dalmatian Hercegovina an ultimatum on 7 February, which, had it been accepted by DH, would have effectively ceded the sovereignty of DH to Austria. After the deadline for accepting the ultimatum passed, with DH naturally rejecting it, Austria declared war on Dalmatian Hercegovina on 17 February 1914. Three days later, Muntenia and the Two Sicilies declared war on Austria, bringing the Balkans into the First Great War.
On 17 February 1914 Austria declares war on Dalmatian Hercegovina after DH rejected the Austrian Ultimatum. Following the Austrian declaration, on 20 February the other two members of the Triple Entente declare war on Austria, thus bringing the Balkans into the First Great War.
Subsequently, in April 1914, Hungary, who were the first to throw the Turk off in 1869 declared war on Muntenia and by proxy Dalmatian Hercegovina and the Two Sicilies. Hungary and Austria were on fairly good terms before the war broke out and the Hungarians always had designs on Muntenian territory, so this general war provided an excellent excuse for the Hungarians to make a move.
Montenegro, who gained independence in 1883 from the Turk, declared war on the Triple Entente in June 1914, after the Austrians promised certain Hercegovian lands to them. The Montenegrin attacks the Two Sicilies in Albania.
The Turk, who was still in Europe though holding on only to Greece, also sided with Austria in September 1914, hoping to regain some of the territories that had been lost.
A few days after the Turkish entry into the war, Bulgaria declared war on Turkey at the behest of the Triple Entente.
Russia did not stay uninvolved. Seeing an opportunity, the Russians invaded Hungary, to draw Hungarian attention away from Dalmatia, and open a second front for the Hungarians, who are forced to concentrate on the greater Russian threat, leaving them less able to deal with the Muntenians. This enables the Oltenians, at this point under Hungarian rule, to open an internal front and openly revolt against the Hungarian crown late 1915.
The battle between the Bulgarians and the Turks quickly turned into a war of attrition over lines that rarely, if ever, moved; basically, they were shooting at each other over the pre-war borders. As this intensified, the Turks were forced to attend to this front more and concentrate less on defending their border with Albania.
The Two Sicilies, together with Dalmatia, quickly crushed the Montenegrins after the Hungarians were forced to more or less withdraw from the southern front after the Oltenians rebelled and the Russian invasion of Hungary, allowing the Dalmatians to send some units south (Muntenians covered for them against Austria. After the fall of Montenegro, its territory was assimilated into Dalmatian Hercegovina, though there were a few skirmishes with Sicilian forces, but nothing significant).
Inside Austria, the Slovenes fought loyally to the Austrian Crown. The Serbs were considered as having "questionable" loyalty: upon arriving at the front, many surrendered at the earliest convenience, or just acting like the famous hero of the novel by Borislav Hašković, The Good Soldier Švejković and his Fortunes in the Great War. The Dalmatians inside Austria (ie the majority of Dalmatians) rose up already in February 1914 against the Austrians forming the Free Dalmatian Army (these quickly were incorporated into the command structure of the Army of Dalmatian Hercegovina). This put a very large chunk of the Austrian Empire into hostile hands very quickly. The Croats (also Austrian subjects) fought so-so loyally until about mid-1916, but then slowly began to follow the Serb lead and change sides, so that when 1917 rolls around the Croats were already fighting openly against the Austrians.
Austria sued for peace in November 1917, reducing it to its present borders, at least in the south.
The Turks also signed a ceasfire with the Bulgarians, withdrawing to prewar lines.
Montenegro no longer exists, it is once again part of Dalmatia as it was before the Turks entered Europe. Montenegro was basically an artificial state created to give an Austrian ally south of Dalmatian Hercegovina.
The Kingdom of Dalmatia was re-established in February 1918, fusing the Kingdom of Dalmatian Hercegovina together with the Dalmatian lands liberated from Austria.
Out of Austria, in addition to Dalmatia, three new countries formed: The Principality of Slovenia (March 1918), the Banate of Croatia (December 1917) and the Kingdom of Serbia (December 1917). Serbia and Croatia fought a brief battle which lead to Serbia acquiring lands as far as Brcko.
Croatia and Slovenia formed a union called the Slavonic Union, in October 1918, in which both are more or less equal partners. Serbia, after some convincing, joined the Slavonic Union in December 1918. With Turkey still a threat in the south and the proposition of a confederation based on the principle of equality of nations appealing, Bulgaria joined the Slavonic Union in January of 1919. Dalmatia is persuaded to join the Slavonic Union too (we're stronger if we're all together, but if you don't join we'll attack you). Dalmatia realised that they are numerous enough to be a loud voice in the Union, so they formally joined on 27 March 1919. That same day the Slavonic Union is renamed the Danubian Confederation.
After the defeat of the Bolsheviks in the Russian revolution, several leading Bolshevik figures came to Danubia (Zinovyev, Bukharin, Lenin - in Dalmatian orthography Zinovyev, Buharin, Lenyin), becoming important figures in the Communist Party of the Danubian Confederation (CPDC).
Dalmatia had good relations with Italy and France since the beginning of the 20th century, and very bad with Austria, these policies were continued by Danubia, so in GW2 they fought against Austria and Germany (and Greece, since the Bulgarians wanted southern Macedonia). The Danubian Confederation fought against the Grossartige Allianz during the Second Great War, until the civil war broke out.
In 1944 a civil war began in the Danubian Confederation after the Communists revolted against the ruling monarchists. Interestingly the war did not divide on ethnic lines, but on political views instead. During this time a young Danubian (he was half Slovene and half Croat) named Josip Broz came to the forefront of the CPDC after proving himself to be a brilliant tactician. The Communists won the civil war and on 19 July 1947 the Confederation of Soviet Danubian States (CSDS) was proclaimed. Broz became head of state with the aging but still lucid Lenin becoming General Secretary. Zinovyev became foreign minister, Bukharin became minister of home affairs.
The CSDS was a strong regional power throughout its existence and played some role on the world stage. It was an important player when it came to African affairs since it maintained close relations with the former Austro-Dalmatian colonies there (Mali, Togoland, Gold Coast, Austrian Kongo etc.), all of which still have Dalmatian as an official language.
The policy of the communists was Brotherhood and Unity (an enforced friendship of nations that superficially worked, but underneath the shiny veneer, the ancient ethnic rivalries were still buried) and modernisation. One by one the old Communists died off. Lenin was the first, followed by Bukharin and then Zinovyev. Broz died in 1981. After Broz's death the CSDS began to weaken internally, but few at the time would have predicted its complete collapse into civil war in 1988.
One of the most common slogans in the CSDS was "Bratstvo in Jedinstvo", Slovenian for "Brotherhood and Unity" (in Dalmatian: "Froatreta e Yunitota"), which reflected Broz's enforced unity of the various ethnic groups (Dalmatian, Serb, Croat, Slovene, Bulgarian, Muslim Slav and Macedonian were the majorities, with small numbers of Albanians, Greeks, Muntenians, Hungarians, Germans and Italians). The CSDS was made up of 6 consituent Socialist Republics: The Dalmatian SR (DSR), the Slovene SR (SlSR), the Serbian SR (SeSR), the Croatian SR (CSR), the Bulgarian SR (BSR) and the SR of Sanjak (SRS), with the federal capital at Užice in the SeSR (nowadays in Sanjak). After Broz died, a Croat named Fraňo Tuďman became head of the Communist Party of the CSDS (CPDC for short) and thus the President of the CSDS, who was very much a Croat nationalist and had even spent 3 years in prison for nationalist activities. In response to this, nationalistic Premiers were elected in all the republics (Slovenia: Tomaž Hoštnik; Serbia: Slobodan Miloševiæ, who was a monarchist and member of the Karadjordjevic family; Sanjak: Mustafa Izetbegoviæ, who is now the Ajatallah of the Islamic Republic of Sanjak; Bulgaria: Yasen Yotov; Dalmatia: Radu Pilatu, whose Dalmatian Radical Party was defeated in the last Dalmatian general elections). Tensions continually rose as Tudjman passed more and more chauvinistic laws, until the Bulgarian SR finally declared independence in February of 1988. The Bulgarian war of independence lasted 9 days, but this was primarily the Croat-dominated CSDS Army units fighting their way out of Bulgaria (there are very few Croats in Bulgaria). In the end of April, Dalmatia, Serbia and Sanjak all declared independence, and everything went to hell. In short:
Dalmatia fought Croatia, then later Sanjak, to regain the historically important Kampa da Miarle, then later Serbia, briefly. Dalmatia was heavily busy with Croatia fighting mainly in the Kozara and Baranya regions, but when Serbia took most of Sanjak, Dalmatia quickly grabbed Kampa da Miarle (which was mostly Dalmatian anyway by ethnic population), and adding that area added more men to the Dalmatian army; but the men from that area stayed there, and repelled the Muslims several times.
Castile & Leon was the main Western supplier of arms in the conflict, supplying both Dalmatia and Croatia with arms, on the provision that the arms be used to fight the Muslims. When the arms ended up being used against each other, the shipments stopped.
The Dalmatian military is comprised of three main branches: the Army, the Navy and the Air Force & Air Defence Forces. Each branch has active and reserve segments, and additionally, there is the Dalmatian Territorial Defence Force. The Border Troops are part of the Ministry of State Security, which has land, maritime and air elements.
11,335,568 as of 2020
- Christianity (74.76%): 8,474,474
- Catholicism (59.18%): 6,708,390
- Canonical (70.64%): 4,738,808
- Latin Rite (99.19%): 4,700,266
- Byzantine Rite (Uniate) (.81%): 38,542
- Dalmatian Orthodox-Catholic Church (non-canonical) (29.36%): 1,969,582
- Canonical (70.64%): 4,738,808
- Orthodox Christianity (Patriarchate of Peč) (15.24%): 1,727,542
- Protestantism (.34%): 38,542
- Catholicism (59.18%): 6,708,390
- Irreligion (Atheism, Agnosticism, etc.) (19.1%): 2,165,092
- Islam (4.41%): 499,898
- Judaism (.53%): 60,078
- Other (1.2%): 136,026
|Dalmatia | Kongo | Gold Coast | Mali | Togo | Upper Nigervolta|