Rikets Radio (RR) is the Scandinavian Realm's radio and television public broadcasting network. It has a public service role and is the official organ of the Scandinavian government. It is an independent public body administered by the Scandinavian Realm government, headed by a board, with its day-to-day running in the hands of a management committee.
RR has the longest running radio show, Løgerdagsbarnetimen (The Children's Hour on Saturday), running since December 20, 1924.
RR started as a public service organization in 1933, based on a model similar to the BBC, replacing all privately operated radio stations in the larger cities of the Scandinavian Realm. It was given the monopoly to broadcast within the Scandinavian Realm. The monopoly was gradually dissolved from 1975 onwards.
1941 saw the beginning of the use of the 13th century melody, "Drømte mig en Drøm i Nat", as an interval signal and jingle for RR.
In 1948, RR started international radio transmissions on the shortwave bands.
In 1951, RR began to send television programmes.
RR was the last of the major European public broadcasters to introduce a second radio channel, P2 (Programme 2), officially opened as late as in 1984. By 1993, RR got a third channel, P3 (Programme 3).
In 1995, a second television channel was introduced, the channels being now called RR1 and RR2.
In 2003, communications satellites were first used when RR hosted the first Junior Eurovidere Song Contest.
RR has always been funded through the radio license fee, which all owners of a radio or television in the Scandinavian Realm are obligated to pay. Its public service role forbids it according to Scandinavian law from being commercial. Listeners and viewers from outside the Scandinavian Realm pay a subscription fee.
RR is subdivided into regional networks. These are:
- Bengali, servicing licensees in Frederiksnagore, and subscribers in Bengal.
- Chinese, servicing licensees in Tsingdav, and subscribers in China.
- Ðaij, servicing licensees in Tenasserim, and subscribers in Mÿqan̊ Ðaij.
- East Indian, servicing licensees in the Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands.
- Faeroese, servicing licensees in the Faeroe Islands.
- Finnish, servicing licensees in Finland, and subscribers in Estonia and Nassland.
- Gadangme, servicing licensees in Gadangmeland, and subscribers in the Gold Coast.
- German, servicing licensees in Holstein, Oldenburg, and Lübeck, and subscribers in the rest of the Holy Roman Empire, in Austria, the Republic of the Two Crowns, the Batavian Kingdom, Bohemia, and Helvetia.
- Icelandic, servicing licensees in Iceland.
- Inuit, servicing licensees in Greenland, and subscribers in the North American province of Nunavik.
- Mon, servicing licensees in Monland.
- New Icelandic, servicing licensees in New Iceland.
- New Swedish, servicing licensees in New Sweden, and subscribers in neighbouring North American provinces.
- Saami, servicing licensees in Samme.
- Scandinavian, servicing licensees in Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Schleswig, and Rygen.
- Tamil, servicing licensees in Tranquebar, and subscribers in Karnátaka.
- West Guinean, servicing licensees in Gebaland and The Pepper Coast, and subscribers in Batavian Guinea and French Guinea.
- West Indian, servicing licensees in the Cruzan Islands, and subscribers in neighbouring Caribbean islands.
All programming from RR is relayed by local stations in regional versions. Some programmes are sent via satellite to the regional networks, which then relay them regionally via local stations. Other programs are sent directly by the regional networks.
Each regional network provides three radio channels:
- P1 (Programme 1) is the public service and information radio channel, and is RR's most listened to radio channel, mixing popular music with factual programming, discussion and debate, national and international news, plus in-depth news reports.
- P2 (Programme 2) is the classical radio channel with classical music, opera, jass, radio drama, and coverage of other artistic performances and events.
- P3 (Programme 3) is the hit radio channel, with popular music, entertainment shows, live coverage of major sporting events, and hourly three-minute news bulletins.
Each regional network provides two television channels:
- RR1 is the entertainment television channel, with entertainment shows, television series, movies, and live coverage of major sporting events. The stations airs from 0900 until 0415. The start-up is a menu, then with a start-up film showing sights of the country with an instrumental piece of Norwegian music on it, then the clock and the first programme of the day. Closedown is a film showing national symbols and city sights accompanied by the national anthem.
- RR2 is the information television channel, featuring factual programming, discussion and debate, national and international news, as well as in-depth news reports. It broadcasts from 0900 with school's and children's programmes for three hours, and ends at 0500. There is no start-up sequence, only an ident to introduce the day's programmes. Closedown is simply the logo fading into the testcard. RR2 is controversial by showing some erotic content after 0930, especially in places with more conservative traditions. RR2's drama series "Love" was a ratings-winner despite its nudity and sexual acts.