Monarchs of Castile and Leon
From 719 to 1230
From 1230 to 1454
From 1454 to 1809
The history of the Iberian peninsula is almost unchanged up to 1468, when king Enrique IV of Castile and Leon's brother Alfonso died *here*. (but not *there*.)
Enrique IV died on schedule in 1474 and in a quick civil war Alfonso XII managed to get rid of Enrique's wife's daughter Juana and was proclaimed king.
Alfonso XII's sister, Isabella, had married Ferdinand II, king of Aragon, and there was no unification of Spain.
Both Alfonso of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon, continued their crusade against the Moors, and in 1492 the Kingdom of Granada was decisively defeated, and both kings expeled the Jews from their kingdoms.
Alfonso XII, worried trying to compete with Portugal, who had circumnavigated Africa, and the Aragonese dominium of the Mediterranean, accepted the proposal of this Genovese sailor Christopher Columbus, and sponsors an expedition to the Indies by navigating westwards.
Isabella and Ferdinand of Aragon, had a daughter called Juana who married Habsburg prince Phillip. Their son, Charles later became Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire as Charles V and King of Aragon as Carlos I, who's followed by Philip II (who also inherited the Netherlands), Philip III, Philip IV and Carlos II.
In Castile, Alfonso's son Sancho V is followed by his son Juan III, who also became King of Portugal as João IV, but this was barely a personal union. Juan's successors, Alfonso XIII and Enrique VII, also ruled over Portugal (as Alfonso VI & Henrique II) until João Braganza drived the Castilians usurpers and became João V of Portugal.
Enrique's son Sancho VI, was a contender to the Aragonese trone after the death of Carlos II. He managed to hold the Aragonese crown from 1700 to 1704, but he finally lost the Aragonese Sucession War to the Boubons, and Philip V Bourbon become the new king of Aragon and Navarre.
After João V, the Braganza dinasty in Portugal followed: Alfonso VII, Pedro II, Joao VI, Joseph Emanuel and Maria I.
In Aragon, Ferdinand VI, Charles III and Charles IV followed Philip V. Charles IV's son Ferdinand conspired with Napoleon and ascended the throne as Ferdinand VII after his father abdication in 1808. Aragon and the Two Sicilies (under Ferdinand), became allied to France and their armies and Navies part of the French Imperial Army and Navy.
In Castile, Sancho VI was suceded by his nephew Sancho VII, then was Juan IV and Juan V and Alfonso XIV.
In 1809, Napoleon attempted to take both Castile and Portugal. He managed to make Maria resign for his son Pedro and Pedro resign for Napoleon's brother Joseph, and both of them were made prisoners. Alfonso of Castile managed to scape to New Andalusia denouncing Joseph Bonaparte as an ursurper.
From 1808 to 1924
From 1924 to the present
List of Monarchs
|Monarchs of Castile and Leon|
|Name||Reign||Born||Place of Birth||Died||Place of Death||Notes|
|Fernando III||1217-1252||1198||1252||King of Leon from 1230|
|Alfonso X||1252-1284||1221||1284||Rival King of Germany, 1257-1273|
|Enrique II||1366-1379||1334||Sevilla||1379||Santo Domingo de la Calzada|
|Juan III||Also João IV of Portugal|
|Alfonso XIII||Also Alfonso VI of Portugal|
|Enrique V||Also Henrique III of Portugal|
|Sancho VI||Also King of Aragon from 1700-1704|
|Alfonso XIV|| 1788-1809|
|1759||Valladolid||1829||Madrid||Abdicated in 1809, returned to the throne in 1813|
|José I||1809-1813||1768||Corte, Corsica||1844||Oxbridge, NAL|| Often considered a usurper|
Elder brother of Napoleon
Previously King of Portugal
|Carlos II||1865-1898||1824||Cádiz la Nôva||1898||Havanna, Cuba|
|Leopoldo I||1898-1910||1834||Könisberg, Germany||1910||Valladolid|
|Juan VI|| 1910-1922|
1925-1939 (America only)
|1872||Könisberg, Germany||1939||Cádiz la Nôva|
|María Luisa I||1939-1975 (America only)||1899||Valladolid, Castilian Spain||1996||Santa María, New Granada||Abdicated in grandson's favor, reuniting the two kingdoms|
|Eduardo I||1967-1975 (Castilian Spain only)||1922||Frankfurt, Germany||1975||Santa Fe, New Granada|
|Alfonso José I||1975-||1943||Cadiz la Nôva, New Granada|