Henry II of Castile and Leon

From IBWiki

Jump to: navigation, search
Enrique, II de Castilla i León
Title: 6th Monarch of Castile and Leon
 Term in office: 13661379
 Predecessor: King Pedro I
 Successor: King Juan I
 Date: 1334
 Place: Sevilla
 Date: 1379
 Place: Santo Domingo de la Calzada
Profession: ...
Relgious Affiliation: Catholic

Enrique de Trastamara (January 13,1334 Sevilla - May 29,1379 Santo Domingo de la Calzada), was the illegitimate son of Alfonso XI of Castile and Leon and Leonora de Guzman, and half brother to Peter I of Castile and Leon the Cruel. Became Henry II of Castile and Leon in 1366 when, as head of a host of soldiers of fortune, and with the aid of Bertrand du Guesclin, he drove Peter from his throne after the battle of Montiel. Henry murdered Peter in 1369 and went to war against Portugal and England in the Hundred Years' War.

Married to Joan, daughter of John Manuel of Villena, head of a younger branch of the royal house of Castile. Their son was John I of Castile and Leon.

Henry was the first nobleman to use Anti-Semitism as a political tool in Spain. This led to an end to the convivencia, and a period of riots and pogroms, and can be seen as sowing the seeds of the persecution of the Jews by the Spanish Inquisition, beginning a hundred years later.

Preceded by:
Pedro I, El Cruel
King of Castile Succeeded by:
Juan I
Personal tools