Guyane

From IBWiki

Jump to: navigation, search
Collectivité Territoriale de Guyane
Collective Territory of France
Conventional short name:
Local: Guyane française
English: French Guiana
Flag of French Guyana
National motto: Liberté, égalité, fraternité
Subdivision of: France
Languages:  
 Official: French
 Others: Acehnese, Amazigh (Berber), Arabic (Levantine, Darija), Arawakan (Arawak, Palikur), Bengali, Carib (Kalina and Wayana), Chinese (Cantonese, Hakka, Wu), Dutch, French creoles (Antillean, Guyanese, Haitian, Karipúna, Tây Bồi Pidgin), Fulani, Gujarati, Khmer, Mandinka, Portuguese, Tamil, Tupi-Guaraní (Teko and Wayampi), Susu, Vietnamese
Cities:  
 Capital: Cayenne
 Other: not many
President: Emmanuel Caron
Prime Minister: Philippe Edouard
President of the Assembly: Liêm Hoang-Ngoc
Area: 83,534 km2
Population: 436,038 (581,384 including refugees) French Guyanese, Guianan; Guyanais/Guyanaise
Currency: 1 Livre=20 sous=240 deniers
Organizations: Union de Pays Francophones, European Federation

In the mid-17th century the French had established a presence in the northern coast of South America after displacing most of the original Carib and Arawak Indian inhabitants. In 1761, Chevalier Étienne-François Turgot, Lord of Brucourt and Marquis of Soumont, established a Hospitaller colony using Maltese labor to clear the hostile wilderness and settle the rainforest. By 1765, the French had consolidated their position with the Batavian Republic and Federated Kingdoms as controllers of the region, and began to export sugar and rainforest timber as economic mainstays. Though this lasted for a time, with the abolition of slavery the economy collapsed and the colony wasted.

It was near this time that a penal colony was established in Guyana to attempt to reduce the costs of prisons in France, and also to build up the failing colony. A grand total of some 70,000 prisoners - including Alfred Dreyfus and Henri 'Papillon' Charrière - were shipped there in the period of 1852 - 1939. Those who managed to survive in the jungle climate were then forced to remain as exiles for an equal period of time, although malaria made the population growth negligible, with 90% of the prisoners dying.

Guyana remained a penal colony until after GWII, becoming a French department in 1946.

Borders

North and East: Atlantic Ocean.
West: Batavian Guyana.
South: Equador.


Flag of France Administrative Divisions of France Flag of France
Communities
Francie | Gaullhe | DOM | Algeria* |
Départements
Ain | Aisne | Álava | Allier | Alpes-de-Haute-Provence | Alpes-Maritimes | Ante-Pyrenee | Ardèche | Ardennes | Ariège | Aube | Aude | Austro-Antartica | Aveyron | Bouches-du-Rhône | Calvados | Cantabria | Cantal | Charente | Charente-Maritime | Cher | Corrèye | Corse-du-Sud | Côte-d'Or | Côtes-d'Armor | Creuse | Deux-Sèvres | Dordogne | Doubs | Drôme | Essonne | Eure | Eure-et-Loir | Finistère | Gard | Gers | Gironde | Guipúzcoa | Hainaut | Haute-Corse | Haute-Garonne | Haute-Loire | Haute-Marne | Hautes-Alpes | Haute-Saône | Haute-Savoie | Hautes-Pyrénées | Haute-Vienne | Hauts-de-Seine | Hérault | Ille-et-Vilaine | Indre | Indre-et-Loire | Isère | Jura | Landes | Liege | Loire | Loire-Atlantique | Loiret | Loir-et-Cher | Lot | Lot-et-Garonne | Lozère | Maine-et-Loire | Manche | Marne | Martinique | Mayenne | Mayotte | Meurthe-et-Moselle | Meuse | Morbihan | Moselle | Namur | New-Caledonia | Nièvre | Nord | Oise | Orne | Paris | Pas-de-Calais | Puy-de-Dôme | Pyrénées-Atlantiques | Pyrénées-Orientales | Réunion | Rhône | Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon | Saône-et-Loire | Sarthe | Savoie | Seine-et-Marne | Seine-Maritime | Seine-Saint-Denis | Somme | Tarn | Tarn-et-Garonne | Territoire-de-Belfort | Val-de-Marne | Val-d'Oise | Var | Vaucluse | Vendée | Vienne | Vizcaya | Vosges | Wallis-et-Futuna | Walloon Brabant | Yonne | Yvelines
Départements d'Outre-Mer
French Guyana | Guinée | Guadeloupe | Mélanasie Français | Nouvelle Calédonie | Polynesie Français | Vanuatu
Personal tools
discussion