Belarus

From IBWiki

Jump to: navigation, search
Рэспубліка Беларусь
Respublika Belarus
Republic of Belarus
Conventional short name:
Local: Беларусь
Belarus
English: Belarus
State flag of Belarus
Languages:  
 Official: Belarusian
 Others: Russian, Lithuanian, Ukrainian, Yiddish, Tatar
Cities:  
 Capital: Minsk
 Other: Smalensk, Bransk, Vicebsk, Mahiljow, Polacak, Homel, Mazyr, Maladzečna
Population: 9.5 million (1995 estimate)
Independence: from Russia
 Date: 1918

Belarus is a landlocked republic in Eastern Europe.

Contents

Administration

Administrative Divisions

Belarus is divided into six provinces carrying the same names as their administrative centres. In alphabetical order they are:

  • Bransk
  • Homel
  • Mahiljow
  • Minsk
  • Smalensk
  • Vicebsk

History

The best part of modern Belarus used to be part of Lithuania (called 'Belaja Rus' already by the 15th century) and, being the easternmost part thereof, soon fell victim to Russia in the Partitions of the RTC. Most of eastern Belarus became Russian in the First Partition, and the rest in the Second. Belarusian culture and language are relegated to the peasants and Russian is strongly enforced.

In the course of the turmoil in Russia (triggered by GW1 and the semi-successful coup), a People's Republic of Belarus (Bielaruskaja Narodnaja Respublika) was established in Smolensk (which was not occupied by the Germans). It was quickly crushed by the Bolsheviks, who did not abolish it, however. They were in turn routed by the White Army.

After Brest-Litovsk and the establishment of Lithuania, most of modern Belarus became part of it. National tension was very strong in Lithuania, the Lithuanians suppressing the other nations, Belarusians included, and finally effectively establishing a junta in 1926. Many Belarusians looked to SNORist Russia for support, and this incited the Russians to keep the Belarusian republic in their concern for being the saviour of everyone on a pan-Slavic scale.

The end of GW2 found Russian troops well advanced into Lithuanian territory. A day before the end of the war, Russian armies entered Minsk and Maladzeczna. The western front became first the Russian occupation zone, and subsequently the Belarusian lands were incorporated into Belorussia (as the republic was now called). The enlarged Belarus became, unsurprisingly, a SNORist satellite state with pretensions on some of the RTC's territory (since many Belarusians remained in the lands to the west, which were now part of the RTC again).

After the breakup of SNORist Russia, leadership was taken by Stanislaw Szuszkewicz, leader of the Nacyjanalnaja Rada. Ever since the country has been vacillating between its strong Russian-SNORist allegiances and the dependence of its economy on the infrastructure of SNORist times and historical ties with the RTC. In April 2004, Belarus was admitted as a candidate member of the Baltic League.

The capital was moved to Minsk (or Miensk, as it is called by many) in 1992.

Geography

Borders

North: Latvia, Russia. West: Republic of the Two Crowns. South: Ukraine East: Russia.

Culture

Languages

Belarusian is the only official languge, but Russian is widely used in the cities, and Lithuanian is strong in the northwest. Other languages include Ukrainian, Yiddish, and Tatar.

Religion

With respect to religion, the division between Russian Orthodox and Roman Catholic is quite even (42 and 45 per cent respectively).

http://www.cymraeg.ru/edricson/belarus.jpg

Map of Belarus

Personal tools
discussion