|Relation to present Emperor:||Great great great great grandfather|
|Relation to predecessor:||Son|
|Relation to successor:||Father|
Muçuhito, Prince Satxi
|Emperor of Japan:||122nd|
|Date of birth:||Caei 5 Cugaçu 29|
November 3, 1852
|Date of death:||Meidji 39, Rocugaçu 7|
July 12, 1906
Emperor Meidji was the surviving son of Emperor Còmei (reigned 1846-1866) by lady-in-waiting Nacayama Yoxico. Meidji was only a few years old when Montrei opened up Japan to the rest of the world.
When he was born, Japan was a loose-knit confederation of semi-independant fiefdoms (han). At his death, Japan was a mighty Empire, possessing territory in Asia and North America.
He became Emperor on Guendji 3, Djùnigaçu 30 (February 3, 1867) upon the death of his father.
The Emperor became the titular head of the Meidji Restoration, a series of changes that modernized the Empire, and initiated a parliamentary system, although actual power was in the hands of the oligarchs for some time.
On Guendji 4, Xitxigaçu 28 (September 2, 1867), the young Emperor married Lady Haruco, 3rd daughter of Lord Itxidjò Tadaca, Minister of the Left. She became the first Imperial Consort to receive the title cògò (Empress) in several centuries, although she bore Meidji no children.
He passed away on Meidji 39, Rocugaçu 7 (July 12, 1906), passing the throne on to his only surviving son, Emperor Taixò.
The Emperor fathered some 15 children by five different ladies-in-waiting, only 5 of whom (1 son and 4 daughters) survived to adulthood. His surviving children were:
- Emperor Taixò (August 31, 1879-November 27, 1922) - 3rd son
- Princess Masaco, 6th daughter, (September 30, 1888–March 8, 1940), titled Princess Çune until marriage; m. at Imperial Palace, Tòquiò, April 30, 1908 Çunehisa, Prince Taqueda (September 22, 1882–April 23, 1919), and had issue.
- Princess Fusaco, 7th daughter, (January 28, 1890–August 11, 1974), titled Princess Cane until marriage; m. at Imperial Palace, Tòquiò April 29, 1909 Naruhisa, Prince Quitaxiracawa (April 1, 1887–April 2, 1923), and had issue.
- Princess Nobuco, 8th daughter, (August 7, 1891–November 3, 1933); titled Princess Fami until marriage; m. at Imperial Palace, Tòquiò May 6, 1909 Prince Yasuhico, Prince Asaca (October 2, 1887–April 13, 1981), and had issue.
- Princess Toxico, 9th daughter, (May 11, 1896–March 5, 1978); titled Princess Yasu until marriage; m. at Imperial Palace, Tòquiò May 18, 1915 Naruhico, Prince Higaxi-Cuni (December 3, 1887–January 20, 1990), and had issue.
Emperor of Japan
1867 – 1906