Mandarin

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Contents

Transcription of Mandarin Chinese
in the Major European Languages

You will have to imagine the Fraktur for Riksmål and German!

Initials

English Brithenig Francien Wenedyk Riksmål German
b b p p b b
p p ph ph p p
m m m m m m
f f f f f f
d d t t d d
t t th th t t
n n n n n n
l l l l l l
g g k k g g
k k kh kh k g
h ch h h h h
j(i) ġ(i) tj(i) ć/c(i) dj(i) dsch(i)
ch(i) ċ(i) tch(i) ćh/ch(i) tj(i) tsch(i)
sh(i) sċ(i) ch(i) ś/s(i) sj(i) sch(i)
j(y) ġ(y) tj(y) cz dj(e) dsch(y)
ch(y) ċ(y) tch(y) czh tj(e) tsch
sh(y) sċ(y) ch(y) sz sj(e) sch(y)
r r j rz/ż r r
dz ds ts(y) c(y) z z
ts ts(y) tsh(y) çh(y) tz tz
s(y) s(y) s(y) s(y) s(e) s(y)
y i y j j j
w w w/ou w w w

Finals

English Brithenig Francien Wenedyk Riksmål German
a a a a a a
o o o o o o
e e e e æ e
ai ai aj aj ai
ei ei ej æj ei
ao aw aou au ao/au au
ow ow oou ou ou ou
an an an an an an
en en en en æn en
ang ang ang ang ang ang
eng eng eng eng æng eng
oong ung oung ung ong ung
i/ee i i i i i
y y y y e y
(i)a ia (i)a (i)a (i)a (i)a
(i)e ie (i)e (i)e (i)æ (i)e
(i)ao iao (i)aou (i)au (i)au (i)au
(i)ow iow (i)ou (i)ou (i)ou (i)ou
(i)en ien (i)en (i)en (i)æn (i)en
(y)in in (y)in (j)in (j)in (j)in
(i)ang iang (i)ang (i)ang (i)ang (i)ang
(y)ing ing (y)ing (j)ing (j)ing (j)ing
(i)ung iung (i)oung (i)ung (i)ong (i)ung
(w)oo (w)u ou (w)u (w)u (w)u
wa wa oua (u)a (u)a (u)a
wo wo ouo (u)o (u)o (u)o
wai wai ouaï (u)aj (u)aj (u)ai
wei wei oueï (u)ej (u)ej (u)ei
wan wan ouan (u)an (u)an (u)an
wen wen ouen (u)en (u)æn (u)en
wang wang ouang (u)ang (u)ang (u)ang
weng weng oueng (u)eng (u)eng (u)eng
(y)u iu (y)u (i)u (j)y (i)u
(y)ue iue (y)ue iue (j)yæ iue
(y)uan iuan (y)uan (i)uan (j)yan (i)uan
(y)un iun (y)un (i)un (j)yn (i)un
(e)r (e)r (e)r (e)rz (æ)r (e)r

Tones

English Brithenig Francien Wenedyk Riksmål German
e1 e1 e1 ē ā ē
e2 e2 e2 é á é
e3 e3 e3 ě ă ě
e4 e4 e4 è à è
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