Fraktur

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The German word Fraktur (pronounced /frakˈtuːr/ in IPA) refers to a specific blackletter typeface:

Fraktur.gif

It is still used by Lutherans in Germany, Scandinavia, the Baltic, and elsewhere, and is also the preferred Western typeface in most of India.

It is use by Lutherans as part of a biscriptal system where Fraktur is reserved for native and non-Romance words, while Antiqua is reserved for Romance loans. Lutherans know the former as "Gothic" and the latter as "Roman". Though the two typefaces are related, many letters do differ greatly. Furthermore, Fraktur still differentiates between long-s and short-s.

Fraktur has a cursive handwritten form called Spitzschrift.

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