Gwrthiern ffeil Gwilim

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Tomos Gwrthiern ffeil Gwilim
Order: XIVth General Moderator
Term of Office: 25 March, 1917 - 25 March, 1921
Predecessor: Jeremiah Jennings Bryan
Successor: Gwilliam Lyon MacDowell
Date of birth: 28 December, 1856
Date of death: 3 February, 1924
Place of birth: Quiet Hill, Ter Mair
Profession: Professor of law
Political Party: Progressive Conservative
Relgious Affiliation: Catholic

Tomos Gwrthiern ffeil Gwilim was the XIVth General Moderator of the NAL-SLC.

Ffeil Gwilim was born in Quiet Hill, Ter Mair and grew up in a family of well-educated, devout Catholics. His father was a priest of Kemrese descent, his mother's parentage was Scottish. He studied law at the University of Baltimore, and worked several years as a lawyer. In 1886, he made his doctor's degree, and four years later, became a professor at Baltimore University. In 1902 he became president of the same university, a position that made him known all over the country, and in 1910 he was nominated for the governorship of his province without even asking for it. An articulate scholar of political history, his was a leading voice in the new Progressive Conservative Party.

In 1917, in the middle of the First Great War, Ffeil Gwilim was appointed General Moderator of the NAL-SLC after Sir Alfred Laurier had died in office and two presidents (interim GMs appointed for a period of a year without any effective power) in a row had nearly crippled America's war efforts. This marked first successful full Vote of No Confidence in NAL history, forcing a full General Election. The new Parliament soon altered the General Moderator Line of Succession.

In spite of the shortness of his office (only four years), Ffeil Gwilim turned out one of the most competent and influential General Moderators America ever had, and the only one ever to hold a doctor's degree (honorary doctorates of course not counted). He was very progressive in his policies, and strongly advocated universal suffrage. After the War dedicated himself to world peace. In his famous Eighteen Points, launched by him on 8 January, 1918, he promoted among others, the idea of the nations' "right of national self-determination" of nations, which would directly affect the creation of several new states in Eastern Europe and Asia, and the idea of an international organisation that would protect territorial integrity and political independence of big and small countries (which made him the founder of the League of Nations). In 1919 this earnt him the Nobel Prize for Peace.

In 1919 Ffeil Gwilim suffered a severe stoke, which made it virtually impossible for him to carry out his office effectively. Details about his state of health were not publicly known and became general knowledge only after his death. During the last two years of his term, his wife Edith Gwilim picked the issues to be brought under her husband's attention, while his ministers took care of the remainder.

Preceded by:
Jeremiah Jennings Bryan
General Moderatorship of the NAL-SLC
Succeeded by:
Gwilliam Lyon MacDowell