Timeline of Lo

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  • Until the late fourteenth century, Lo was part of Ngari, a name for far western Tibet. Ngari was not a true political entity, but rather a loose collection of feudal domains that also included parts of Dolpo. By the 14th century, much of Ngari, as well as most of what today is western Nepal, was part of the Malla Empire governed from their capital at Sinja, near Jumla.
  • 1380 - Shresrab becomes the dzongpon (military commander and provincial commissioner) of Lo for the Gung-thang kings of Tibet. He holds a semi-independent status, which allows him to secure the government for his lineal descendants.
  • 1400 - His son, Tshang is recognised as dzongpon of Lo, Nar, Nyishang, Manang, Phug, and Nubri.
  • 1425 - His son, the warrior-monk Ama Pal, succeeds as dzongpon.
  • 1440-1442 – Ama Pal consolidates his power in the upper Kali Gandaki Valley and extends his influence over a wide region in western Tibet, thus founding the Buddhist Kingdom of Lo. He defeats the Zhang-pa army, declares his independence, and is enthroned as gyalpo, although his kingdom remains closely tied by language and culture to Tibet.
  • 1442 - Ama Pal is recognized as an independent ruler by the Gung-thang king of Tibet and assumes the title of chosgyal.
  • 1443 – Ama Pal transferrs his capital from Sarang to Manthang (the present day capital), constructing many gompas (temples). He subjugates Guge and Purang in western Tibet and founds the Thub-stan shad-rub dar-gyas-ling Monastery at Sarang, which accommodated over 2,000 resident monks and served as a major center of religious learning and worship.
  • 1447 – Tenzing succeeds his father as Lo Gyalpo, an enlightened ruler who patronized literature and religion, reorganized the administration and developed the economic welfare of the kingdom, during a reign that was largely peaceful and prosperous.
  • 1482 - Krathis succeeds his father as Lo Gyalpo.
  • 1513 - Ragspa succeeds his father as Lo Gyalpo. The growing power of Jumla sees a contraction of his hegemony to little more than the traditional areas of Dolpo, Manang and Lo, eventually losing his independence in 1544.
  • 1544 Lo is divided into separate districts ruled by the three sons of Ragspa, under Jumla sovereignty, until 1560.
  • 1560 Gyahor, the eldest of the three sons is appointed khri-thog-pa by the Jumla authorities and succeeds in re-establishing the principality.
  • 1565 – Sodnams, the younger son of Krathis is appointed depa by his elder brother.
  • 1572 – Sodnams succeeds his brother as Lo Gyalpo.
  • 1580 - Dongrub, the second son of Sodnams succeeds his father. He did much to revive the fortunes of the state, constructed palaces and strong forts, and recovered authority over Serib, Gelung and Khangkar.
  • 1594 – Samgrub, the eldest son of Dongrub, succeeds on the death of his father.
  • 1609 – Rabtan, the only surviving son of Samgrub, succeeds on the death of his father.
  • 1655 – Rabtan abdicates in favour of his third son. He married Nyizla, a princess from Ladakh. He died in 1664.
  • 1656 – Sa ang, the third son of Rabtan, succeeds his father. He fought several wars against Jumla, regaining his independence through military help from Ladakh several times during his reign. He lost the Thak-Panchgaun region to Parvat in 1687.
  • 1710 - Sa ang abdicates in favour of his son.
  • 1711 - Je ang succeeds on the abdication of his father.
  • 1723 - Krathis Namgyal succeeds his father.
  • 1728 - Tenzing Anjia succeeds his father, but reigns under the regency of his mother, Norzin, daughter of Nyima, the King of Ladakh.
  • 1734 - Tenzing Anjia comes of age and assumes full ruling powers.
  • 1740 - Jumla assumes control over Lo, from which they extract an annual tribute.
  • 1760 - Wanggyal Dorje succeeds on the death of his father.
  • 1762 - Prithvi Narayan Shah, founder of the house of Gorkha, ascends the throne and begins to consolidate what is present-day Nepal. He conquered Jumla and laid claim to Lo. Although Lo was forced to pay tribute for protection, they regained a large measure of autonomy.
  • 1765-1788 - The vassal rulers of Lo make several unsuccessful, attempts to re-establish their independence.
  • 1788 - The Nepalese regent, Prince Bahadur Shah, requests an alliance with Lo to complete his plans for unifying Nepal and, with the help of Wanggyal Dorje, subdues his overlord, the Raja of Jumla.
  • 1790 – Wanggyal Dorje is awarded the provinces of Manang and Dolpo. He is recognized as a sovereign ruler with the hereditary title of Raja of Lo. He receives a crown acknowledging his new status from Rana Bahadur, the Maharajadhiraja of Nepal, and is granted a golden plumed crown by the Qianlong Emperor of China. This now forms part of the tog-sum or regalia of the rajadom.
  • 1797 - Krathis Ningpo succeeds his father.
  • 1815 - Jampal Graldus succeeds his uncle.
  • 1837 - Kunga Norbu succeeds his father. He served in the Nepalese War against Tibet in 1855.
  • 1857 - Jamyan Angdu succeeds his father, reigning under the regency of his mother, Krathis bukhrid. He was never installed or crowned and thus was gyalras (prince) only.
  • 1863 - Ngodup Pelbar succeeds his brother, reigning under the regency of his sister-in-law, Jechog, until 1868.
  • 1893 - Jambyang Pelbar succeeds his uncle.
  • 1935 - Angun Tenzing Trangul succeeds his father.
  • 1955 – Angun Tenzing Trandul abdicates in favor of his eldest son.
  • 1955 - Angdu Nyingpo succeeds his father.
  • 1958 - Angun Tenzing Trandul resumes the throne upon the death of his son. He marries Rani Kelsang Choeden, of the Zhalu Kushang family of the Che clan, the elder sister of His Excellency Ngawang Khyenrab Thupten Lekshe Gyatso, the 18th Chogye Trichen Rinpoche of the Phenpo Nalanda Monastery in Tibet.
  • 1963 - Jigme Pelbar marries, at Shigatse, Tibet, Rani Sahiba Sidol Palbar Bista, a lady from a noble family of Shigatse.
  • 1964 - Jigme Pelbar succeeds his father.
  • 1966 - Jigme Tenzing is born and appointed the gyalchung.
  • 1974 – The gyalchung dies at the age of eight years.
  • 2004 - In September, Jigme Pelbar adopts as his own son his nephew, Ashok Bista, the son of his elder brother, Lama Shabtung Rinpoche and appoints him gyalchung.
  • 2005 - Ashok Bista succeeds his uncle as the 26th Raja of Lo.
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