Cocos-Keeling Principality is a small coral archipelago in the indian ocean. It was settled in 1826 by a group of Scottish settlers and some Malay labourers lead by Captain John Clunies-Ross. The latter immediately declare himself king but due to threats from local powers, his son (who had ascended the throne in 1854) requested annexion by Scotland to defend itself. In return, the Clunies-Ross family was granted the title of prince in perpetuity.
In 1978, it requested and was granted entry into the Commonwealth of Australasia.