Monastic Republic

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The Serene Monastic Republic of the Holy Mountain
Athosflag.PNG MR Coat of Arms.PNG
state flag coat of arms
map of the Monastic Republic
Motto Ιρίν δια Πίστ
Peace through faith
National Anthem Upon This Land
Capital Karyes
Towns Prosforion, Aktí, Amoulián
Military Post Dafni
Government theocratic republic
Head of State and Government His Serene Grace Loukas of Holy Archangels (2010)
Demonym Athonite
Independence 1) first monastery 963
2) from the Ottoman Empire 10/3-5/1870
3) from the Ecumenical Patriarch 7/5/1887
4) acceded to by His Beatitude 9/14/1889.
Area 1357.3 cc.
411.3 km²
158.8 mi²
Population 1,724 (2010)
Ethnicities - Citizens Greek 51%
Lebanese 36%
Mixed 12%
Chinese <1%
Ethnicities - Monks Greek 74%
Armenian 1%
Bulgarian 4%
Georgian <1%
Serbian 5%
Russian 11%
British 2%
Lebanese <1%
Assyrian <1%
Official Athonite
Monks Greek
Official Autocephalous Monastic Orthodox Church of the Holy Mountain
Others Armenian Orthodox
Bulgarian Orthodox
Georgian Orthodox
Serbian Orthodox
Russian Orthodox
British Catholic Church
Maronite Catholic
Assyrian Church of the East
Currency 1 mina (M) = 20 drachmae (δ) = 240 lepta (λ)
Time zone UTC +1
International Vehicle Registration Code AO
Telephone Code 243
Organizations Commission on Very Small States
Official gymnastics
Other soccer

The Monastic Republic, officially the Serene Monastic Republic of the Holy Mountain (Γαλινότατ Μοναστίκ Διμοκρατί Αγι Όρου) (Greek: η Γαληνότατη Μοναστική Δημοκρατία Αγίου Όρους), is a country in Eastern Europe, occupying the easternmost peninsula of Chalkidiki. The capital is Karyes.


Brief History

  • According to the legend the Virgin Mary (Παναγί), accompanied by St. John the Evangelist, was sailing from Joppa to Cyprus to visit Lazarus. When the ship was blown off course to Aktí (Ακτή), the pagan Athos, it was forced to drop anchor near the port of Klement, close to the present-day monastery of St. John the Iberian. The Mother of Jesus walked ashore and, overwhelmed by the wonderful and wild natural beauty of the mountain she blessed it and asked her Son to give it to her as a garden. And he replied, "Let this place be your inheritance and your garden, a paradise and a haven of salvation for those seeking to be saved." Ever since then the mountain has been consecrated as the garden of the Mother of God and, for this reason, it is out of bounds to any other women.
  • The first monastery was built in 963. At one time there were over 300 monasteries and sketes on the peninsula. By the time of independence only 19 were occupied. The monasteries suffered, sometimes severely, at the hands of the Crusaders and the Turks. At the conclusion of the First Balkan War, in 1870, the Monastic Republic was given its independence as a permanently neutral nation as the result of the treaty with the defeated Ottoman Empire. In 1878, the Holy Synod, the governing body of the Republic, unilaterally severed its ties to the Ecumenical Patriarchate. In 1889, the Patriarch acceded and consecrated the archimandrite as bishop.


Timelines of the MR

Historical Timeline, Timeline of Fires, Rotation Schedule for the Archimandrites, Public Law Chronology



Government of the MR

Definitions, the Archimandrite, the Holy Synod, the Holy Council, the Lowland and the Isles

Physical Description

Physical Description of the MR

Geography, Territorial Waters, Climate, Vegetation, Fauna


Economy of the MR: Tourism, Agriculture, Industries, Imports

Currency of the MR



Catholic Church in the MR

Pilgrimage to the Holy Mountain

Religion in the MR

St. George the Painter, History of

Typikon of Mount Athos

Monastery of St. Thomas


Demography of the MR



Transportation in the MR

License Plates

  • The vehicle registration plates of the Monastic Republic are composed of two letters and four digits embossed in red on a background of the Holy Mountain against a blue sky. They measure six inches by twelve inches.
  • Αγίο Όρος is printed along the top of the plate, Agio Oros along the bottom.
  • There is a two-letter prefix. The first letter represent the deme where the vehicle is garaged:
A - Aktí
Π - Prosferion
M - Amoulián
K - Karyes
  • The second letter designates the vehicle's use.
I (idiotikós) – privately owned
K (kyvérnisi) – government owned
E (etairía) – company owned, including taxi cabs.
A (astynomía) – police
Σ (stratos) – military
  • The plates shall be issued in sequential order from 0001 to 9999. When 9999 is reached, an alphanumeric designation shall be used: A001 to A999, B001 to B999, etc.
  • License plates for vehicles belonging to the diplomatic corps shall use three letters and three digits. The letters are those of the nations' three-letter country code. The numbers shall run from 001 to 999. Cars bearing these plates have diplomatic immunity.
  • A yellow sticker with red digits gives the expiration date of the plate, the number of the month in the lower left corner, the year in the lower right corner.
  • If the vehicle is sold, inherited or totally destroyed, the plates are returned to the Tmíma ta Kinitíri Ochími (Department of Motor Vehicles). A new owner must re-register the vehicle.
  • These plates are to be placed on both the front and the back of the vehicle, with the exception of bicycles, motorcycles, and animal-drawn conveyances.

Aviation in the MR


  • The international telephone code for the Monastic Republic is 177.
  • Subscribers' telephone numbers have the form XX-XXXX.
  • XX- is the area code. Each deme has its own code.
  • 10- is the landline area code for the Holy Mountain.
    • 111 is the telephone number of the military post at Dafni.
    • There are no cell phones on the Holy Mountain.
  • 20- is the landline area code for Prosforion.
    • 21- is the cell phone area code for Prosforion.
    • 222 is the telephone number for the gendarmerie post in Proforion.
  • 30- is the landline area code for Aktí.
    • 31- is the cell phone area code for Aktí.
    • 333 is the telephone number for the gendarmerie post in Aktí.
  • 40- is the landline area code for Amoulián.
    • 41- is the cell phone area code for Amoulián.
    • 444 is the telephone number for the gendarmerie post in Amoulián.

Public Welfare

Health Care

Healthcare in the MR

Public Safety

Gendarmery of the MR

  • The Gendarmery, Public Law No. 8, Organization, The Uniforms, The Evzones


Education in the MR


Flora and Fauna