Riu de L'Argent
|Others:||Kemran New, Castilian, Mapudungun|
|Date:||1876 (autonomous since 1823)|
According to the constitution of 2004, Riu de L'Argent is ruled by the Senate and the Consul, who acts as a prime minister. In times of war and crises, a dictator may be appointed, who assumes most of the governmental powers, although Senate still retains legislative power. Since the adoption of the new constitution (and a year before it), the Dictator Esperanza Rios has been ruling the country on the pretext of political and economic instability.
The first settlement of Hellenes, or Costanicos as they were then called, was in the 17th century, when they were expelled from Aragon. Later, when Catholic settlers came to the region, they settled inland, away from the Greeks and established what was to become their capital at Bons Oratges .
In the beginning of the 19th century, the political unrest in Europe expanded to their American colonies. After the French Republic attempted to solve some border disputes with Aragon by invading, the fierce Aragonese resistance led to the peace of Barcelona in 1802. Through the rest of the Napoleonic wars, Aragon was a close ally of France.
In 1809 the French and the Aragonese invaded Castile and Leon and Portugal, King Alfonso XIV of Castile and Leon fled to New Granada and organized the courts there. King Pedro of Portugal was imprisoned by Napoleon who put his brother Joseph on the throne.
Aragon declared war against the Triple Alliance (the Federated Kingdoms, Austria and Russia). This led the English to attempt to take Bons Oratges. While the English failed to set foot on Riu de L'Argent, they managed an effective blockade that effectively cut off Bons Oratges from Barcelona.
While the partisans in Castile fought fiercely against the French and the Aragonese, Alfonso of Castile formally joined the Triple Alliance and organized an attack against Riu de L'Argent from his American territories.
Riu de L'Argent was formally returned to Aragon in 1819, but by this time, the Argentians had been cut from the metropolis for too long. They asked for autonomous status, which was granted in 1823. Riu de L'Argent elected its own parliament and cabinet, while recognizing King Ferdinand of Aragon as their monarch.
From the start, the Argentians supported the rebellion in São Paulo. This led to a Portuguese invasion of Uruguay in 1819, shortly after Castile demilitarized Bons Oratges.
São Paulo finally defeated the royalists at Rio de Janeiro in 1822, "freeing" Uruguay. However the devolution was not automatic, as Aragon had not recognized the new Republic of Brazil. Riu de L'Argent was not allowed to recognize or send ambassadors to foreign powers, but by 1827, Paraná handed Uruguay back to Riu de L'Argent.
In 1876, Aragon granted dominion status to Riu de L'Argent, with the kings in Barcelona remaining the heads-of-state in the South American country.
For a long time one of the richest countries in South America, Riu de l'Argent had a leftist economy, with high taxes and extensive social security, free university education, powerful trade unions, etc. Due to the availability of more competitive markets nearby, aging population and other reasons, a crisis began in the early 2000s, which led to the coming to power of the Movement for a Brighter Tomorrow, a rightist political party. In 2003 the parliament appointed a dictator (Esperanza Rios) to rule the country (which was unconstitutional, but impressive for people). Since then, most of the leftist key policies have been reversed. The new constitution of 2004 legitimised the role of dictator as a "Person who is temporarily appointed to rule the country by the Senate in times of wars, crisis, natural disasters, instability and other things which do not allow the peaceful existence of the state".
|1876-1884||Lluís I||Also Lluís II of Aragon|
|1884-1887||Lluís II||Also Lluís III of Aragon|
|1887-1904||Alfons I||Also Alfons VI of Aragon|
|1904-1931||Carles I||Also Carles V of Aragon|
|1931-1963||Isabel I||Also Isabel I of Aragon|
|1963-1997||Ferran I||Also Ferran V of Aragon|
|1997-present||Carles II||Also Carles VI of Aragon|
Tango is perhaps Riu de L'Argent's most famous cultural export. It has spread worldwide, but has taken root particularly in France, Jervaine, and the rest of Latin America. In recent years, one notable band named Crux yh Fer has mixed tango with rock, some fuzió, and more recently electronic music. Large immigrant communities from Jervaine, Germany, Italy, the Two Sicilies, Portugal (especially in Uruguay), and Galicia, Castile, as well as fair-sized populations of African slaves and escaping freemen have added to the base substratum of native mixed with Catalan/Aragonese culture.
Catalan and Aragonese are the primary languages of Riu de l'Argent. The Catalan dialect of the region is distinctive, and has its roots in Southern Valencian Catalan, while the Aragonese dialect derives its influences from the city dialect of Barcelona and the speech of the Aragonese-speaking parts of Murzia. The two languages are scattered throughout the country, but Catalan dominates in the south while Aragonese dominates in the north. In Uruguay, Portuguese is widely spoken, especially in the northern half of the country close to the border with Paraná and in the capital city of Montevideo. Neapolitan, Ligurian, Sicilian, Italian and Lombard are spoken among the prominent immigrant communities from the Italian peninsula. In the region of Kemr New, Brithenig remains a vigorously spoken language. Jovian is still spoken among some members of the Jervan immigrant communities, and Yiddish remains the language of many Jewish immigrants. Various native languages, particularly Guaraní, Mapudungun and Aymara are spoken close to the borders with Charcas, Araucania and Patagonia and Paraguay, as well as in various other parts of the country. Costanice is spoken along the border with Nea Illenicia.
Conscription was reintroduced by president Esperanza Rios, who as well defined the new path for the country's military. Offensive force, especially the air force, is to be expanded. The navy largely assumes border defense role. Country's arsenal of the strategic RA weapons has been increased from 2 to 3 in the last years and the plans are to increase it to 5 by 2008. The Libertad-2 missiles that are used currently are able to strike only the neighboring states. The Libertad-3 missile which is under development could reach much farther and strike most of America and even the Iberian peninsula. It is largely regarded by the outside world as Rios's pressure to make Aragon not to interfere with the affairs of Riu de L'Argent. The costs and the need for the Libertad-3 project is debated. The plans are to build 2 to 3 Libertad-3 missiles.
- Land army: 87,000 of personnel, 420 main battle tanks.
- Navy (main bases: Bons Oratges, Bahia Blanca): 9,000 of personnel, 2 submarines, 10 patrol boats, 4 destroyers, 4 frigates.
- Air force: 14,000 of personnel, 47 military airships, 55 combat aircraft.
- Nuclear arsenal: 50 Field RAWs, 3 Strategic RAWs with regional capability.