Yamuna, Treaty of

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Treaty between the Maharajadom of Nepal and the Rajadom of Jammu concerning the confirmation of the frontier between them.


The Maharajadom of Nepal and the Rajadom of Jammu,

  • Endeavouring to establish their mutual, future-oriented relations in accordance with the Dharma,
  • Resolved to contribute jointly to the establishment of a Himalayan peace order in which frontiers will no longer divide and which will guarantee all Himalayan nations coexistence based on confidence and mutual cooperation for the good of all, as well as lasting peace, freedom and stability,
  • Conscious that great suffering is caused by war, and
  • Desiring to create lasting foundations for friendly coexistence through the development of their relations,
  • Have agreed as follows:

Article 1

  • The Maharajadom and the Rajadom affirm the frontier between them to be the course of the Yamuna River from its source, the Yamunotri Glacier in the Great Himalayas, to the frontier of Awadh.

Article 2

  • The Maharajadom and the Rajadom declare that the frontier between them is inviolable now and in future and mutually pledge to respect unconditionally their sovereignty and territorial integrity.

Article 3

  • The Maharajadom and the Rajadom declare that they have no territorial claims against each other and they shall not put forward such claims in future.

Article 4

  1. This Treaty is subject to ratification; the exchange of the instruments of ratification shall take place as soon as possible at Kathmandu.
  2. This Treaty shall enter into force on the date on which the instruments of ratification are exchanged.


  • The representatives of the Maharajadom of Nepal and the Rajadom of Jammu call upon the Goddess Yamuna to witness that they have signed this Treaty in good faith and that they have thereto affixed their seals.
  • As a perpetual witness to this everlasting peace, each year, on the feast of Yama Dvitiya, Bhai Tika will be celebrated on the banks of the Yamuna, alternately in Nepal and Jammu. The host nation will symbolize Yami and the guest nation Yama. On the bank of the host nation, a woman of the royal house, will greet the man, who may be the Raja himself or his representative from the royal family. Yami will perform aarti for Yama and apply a red raj tika, made from the clay of the Yamuna River, to his forehead. In return, Yama will give a gift to Yami. After this a feast will be held for all the participants and attendees.
  • Done at Kathmandu on Yama Dvitiya, this 2nd day of Shukla Paksha Kartika, 1860, [November 5, 1803], in duplicate, each in the Nepali and Dogri languages, both texts being equally authentic.

For His Majesty, Maharaja Prithvi Van Singh:

For His Majesty, Raja Jit Singh: