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United Sikh Provinces
ਯੂਨਾਈਟਿਡ ਸਿੱਖ ਪ੍ਰਾਂਤਾਂ
Yūnā'īṭiḍa Sikha Prāntāṁ
Also Known as the Sikh Confederation
Short Name: The Punjab
Flag SikhCon Emblem.jpg
Flag emblem
Administrative Capital Lahore
Coordinates latitude: 31° 34' 55.36" N
longitude: 74° 19' 45.75 E
Judicial Capital Amritsar
Coordinates latitude: 31° 38' 2.3280" N
longitude: 74° 52' 20.1" E
Government Parliamentary republic
Legislature Sarbat Khalsa
ਸਰਬੱਤ ਖ਼ਾਲਸਾ
Head of State ???
Head of Government ???
Demonym Punjabi
Foundation ???
League of Nations ???
Constitution ???
Area ??? km²
 ??? mi²
Population ???
Ethnicities ???
Official Punjabi
Other Urdu
Official Khalsa Sikhism 92%
Other Hinduism 4%
Sunni Islam 3%
Zoroastrianism 1%
Currency 1 Punjabi Rupee (Rs) = 20 annas (a) = 240 paise (p)
Time zone UTC +5:00
Telephone Code 924
Organizations League of Nations
Official ???
Other ???



  • The term "Sikh" has its origin in the Sanskrit word शिष्य (śisya), meaning a disciple or a student.
  • The Sanskrit name for the region was Panchanada which means "Land of the Five Rivers". It was translated into Persian as Punjab after the Muslim conquests. The name "Punjab" (Punjabi: پنجاب‬ ; Shahmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬ) is a compound of two Persian words, panj (five) and āb (water). Punjab thus means "The Land of Five Waters", referring to the rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Beas, all tributaries of the Indus River.




  • The name of the capital city is the same as that of the province.
Area Population County
Rawalpindi (R) ??? km² ??? Rawalpindi (RR)
Taxila (RT)
Attock (RA)
Chakwal (RC)
Jhelum (RJ)
Bhakkar (RB)
Muzzaffargarh (RZ)
Gujrat (G) ??? km² ??? Gujrat (GG)
Mirpure (GM)
Bhimber (GB)
Shahpur (GS)
Sohiwal (GH)
Chillianwala (GC)
Faisalabad (F) ??? km² ??? Faisalabad (FF)
Gujranwala (FG)
Sheikupura (FS)
Hafizabad (FH)
Wazirabad (FW)
Siakot (FK)
Amritsar (A) ??? km² ??? Amritsar (AA)
Multan (AM)
Pakpattan (AP)
Kasur (AS)
Gurdaspur (AG)
Jalandhar (J) ??? km² ??? Jalandhar (JJ)
Kapurthala (JK)
Hoshiapur (JH)
  • Thus, the total area of the confederation is ??? km², slightly larger than *here's* ??? or the American state of ??? .


Physical description


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  • There is freedom of religion in the United Sikh Provinces, although proselytism by Western religions is not encouraged.

National symbols

  • National mammal: Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca)
  • National bird: blue peafowl (Pavo cristatus)
  • National reptile: Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus)
  • National flower: Devil's trumpet (Datura metel)
  • National cuisine: Tandoori chicken
  • The national flag is rectangular and consists of nine stripes alternating blue and green. These stripes represent the five rivers and the fertile land. In a blue canton is a red khanda which represents the Sikh religion.
  • The national emblem is a golden Ik Oankar over the red Khanda, representing the supremacy of the faith over the civil government.
  • National dress: chola
  • National sport: kabaddi
  • National dance
  • National instrument: alghoza
  • National colors: blue, green and red

United Sikh Provinces public holidays

Date Name Notes
13 January (2019) Lohri and Maghi
16 March (2019) New Year
21 March (2019) Hola Mohalla
12 April Foundation Day The coronation of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1801
13 April (2019) Vaisakhi
13 May Constitution Day Date present constitution was passed in 1869
1st Monday in September Election Day Every five years in years divisible by 5.
20 October (2019) Birth of the Guru Granth
12 November (2019) Birthday of the Guru Nanak



Air Travel


  • Sikhconair is the flag carrier of the United Sikh Provinces.
  • There are aerodromes in Lahore and Rawalpindi.
  • There are international flights to Faizabad, Awadh; Delhi, Bharaþij Samraj; Jammu, Jammu; Jaipur, Razputhana; and Herat, Moghul National Realm.
  • Airplanes are also owned by private citizens and the military.

Road Travel

  • Driving is on the left side of the road.
  • About 93 percent of the kingdom's roads are paved with either asphalt or cement.
  • A four-lane limited access highway connects Rawalpindi, Lahore and Multan, with an extension westward from Lahore to Amritsar.
  • A four-lane highway connects Rawalpindi to Faisalabad
  • Vehicle registration is the concern of the provinces. The color of the license indicates the province of registration.
    • Rawalpindi - dark blue
    • Amritsar - yellow
    • Gujrat - light blue
    • Faisalabad - dark green
    • Multan - light green
  • A six-number designation is used for private vehicles.
  • All other designations use five numbers with a letter prefix:
    • A - emergency vehicles
    • K - business
    • P - military
    • S - government

Rail Travel

  • A rail line to the north connects Lahore through Gujrat to Rawalpindi.
  • A second rail line to the east connects Lahore to Amritsar.
  • A third rail line to the south connects Lahore through Faisalabad to Multan.

Public Welfare


  • Education is compulsory through grade twelve.
  • Education in the United Sikh Provinces is divided into five levels: nursery (preparatory classes); primary (grades one through six); middle (grades seven through nine); matriculation (grades ten through twelve, leading to the secondary certificate); and university programs leading to graduate and postgraduate degrees.
  • There is one university in the United Sikh Provinces, the University of the Punjab in Lahore. The university has campuses in the five provincial capitals.
    • The Lahore campus has a school of health sciences, a school of medicine and a school of nursing.
    • The Faisalabad campus has a school of law.
    • The Multan campus has a school of dentistry.
    • The Gujrat campus has a school of the arts.
    • The Rawalpindi campus has a school of agriculture and a school of veterinary medicine.
    • The Amritsar campus has a school of Sikh studies.
    • The Jalandhar campus has a school of engineering.

Flora and fauna



  • Mammal species found in the Punjab include the nilgai, red fox, wild boar, Indian leopard, axis deer, blackbuck, hog deer, dholes, Indian pangolin and the Punjab urial.
  • Among the bird species are the Alexandrine parakeet, barn owl, black kite, myna, hoopoe, Indian peafowl, red-vented bulbul, rock pigeon, shelduck, shikra, and white-backed vulture.
  • Reptile species include the Indian cobra, Indian star tortoise, Sindh krait, yellow monitor and gharial.
  • Amphibian species include the Indus Valley bullfrog, Indus Valley toad and black pond turtle.