Timeline of Dumnonian History
A Timeline of Dumnonian History:
47-55 Roman military occupation of SW Britain begins.
250? A body of advisors from around the Kingdom is gathered in order to help maintain order and execute law; called the Senate (now known as the Old Senate).
449-560 Settlement of the English kingdoms.
450-550 Romano-British migrations to Brittany and Brigantia.
516 Battle of Mount Badon.
577 Battle of Aquasolis, Saxons routed.
600 St. Perran's Oratory founded. St. Perran draws up the "Map of the Cornubian Empire", an unusual circular map that shows all the lands which recognise the suzereinty of the High King.
642 S. Reoan sets sail to convert the Pagans of the Armorican Isles.
664 Synod of Whitby is decided in favour of the British Tradition.
700-705 Saxons advance towards Aquasolis and Esca; they are routed.
464-718 Greatest extent of the Cornubian Empire.
718 Loss of Brigantia to the Moors; remnants of the Cornubian Legions help the Basques and Spaniards rout the Moors at Covadonga near Oviedo. Brigantia remains under Moorish dominion until the Reconquest, after which it passes to Leon and Austurias.
710-722 Fierce batles between Dumnonia and Wessex (under King Ina).
716 The Valliolongo (now known as Giants Hedge) is built as a defensive work.
750 Moorish invasion of Dumnonia from the Caliphate of Cordoba, locals unable to resist establishment of Moors at Qalat al-Tariq at Tamarmouth.
758 Moors occupy Trurow; build mosque at Trurow.
799 Emirate of Qarnaw controls the southern coast of Dumnonia from Trurow to Pednsang. Some conversions amongst the locals and nobles take place.
814 Egbert of Wessex marches through Dumnonia; succeeds in "laying waste the land from East to West". The armies of Wessex destroy the Emirate and the Dumnonians are able to reoccupy the territory thereafter. A number of Moors survive in the regions around Trurow, though Islam in the Kingdom quietly fades away due to lack of political control. Early Cornubian Muslims create a number of beautiful manuscript styles and influence local architecture.
823 Monestary of St. Stanno is built on Ysla Luydon.
825 Dumnonians march against Egbert and win at Camuloritis.
838 Dumnonian-Danish alliance has some success against Egbert. Prince Gereint IV of Cambria defeats and kills Egbert of Wessex at Billeduno; Constantinus v, High King of Dumnonia, recognises the suzereinty of the Prince of Kemr thus reuniting the remains of the Roman Province of Britain. The Princes of Kemr recognise the authority of the High King within the new Province. The Old Senate is disbanded. The title "Emperor of the Cornubians" expires.
1066 William, Duke of Normandy, invades England.
1067 Small-scale settlement of Luydon in response to Norman invasions.
1071-1294 Period of border wars between Norman England and Kemr.
1210 Manican crusade under Pope Innocent against the Arvorec Christians in the Channel Isles; in the years surrounding the Crusade, many Islanders flee to Brittany, where they find refuge in the northern parts of the land.
1220-1236 Armoric Isles launch raids against the French coasts. Breton forces join the affray.
1259 Founding of the University of Glastein.
1282-1294 English occupy Kemr.
1307 The Senat y Stannoer, or Tinners' Senate, inaugurated, ensuring the rights and priviledges of Dumnonia within Cambria.
1311 Tinners' Senate grants Kings Rights to the Master of Luydon, effectively creating a fifth kingdom within the Province of Dûnein, though Luydon will have no separate voice in the Provincial Council of Twelve Kings. Jocko di Pednsang is the first Master of Luydon.
1315-1316 Complete failure of crops in western Dumnonia.
1348 Black Death strikes Dumnonia.
1350 Tinners' Senate establish Provincial status for the four kingdoms of Dumnonia; High Kings of Dumnonia are established as Rheithur Proweng', or Provincial Governor.
1401 Prince Ewein leads a series of raids on England; Dumnonians under Julius Broglios play a large role.
1406 "Prince Eugene's Senate": beginnings of paliamentary rule in upper Kemr (this body becomes known as the "High Senate").
1426 Brittany lost to France; English possessions in France lost to France.
1453 Fall of Constantinople; Cambria is only remainder of Roman Empire not in barbarian control.
1460 Gereint VII crowned as the first king of Kemr.
1492 after the Expulsión from Iberia, a number of Muslims find their way to Esca, where most Kemrese Muslims have lived since the 10th century. A small number of Jews, apparently on their way to Mueva Sefarad in America, end up in Dûnein as well. A number of Moorish fortifications were taken over by the Dumnonians in the ninth century: Qalat al-Tariq, al-Fal and the grand and imposing structure al-Mical.
1508 The High Senate at Castreleon recognises the Tinners' Senate as the governing body for Provincial matters. This recognition is often and largely ignored.
1533 Tinners' Senate repartitions Dumnonia into four kingdoms minor: Dunnow (the largest and chiefest); Kernow; Durow and Belgeow. Three kings from each kingdom minor plus the Bishop of Esca are established as the Coselle le Provence, or Provincial Council. After the 1550s, the Tinners' Senate withdraws from active politicking for a period of about 300 years excepting a period of 7 years during the early 1800s.
1631 Marcus d'l'Ysle, Master of Luydon (Lundy), publicly insults the Awranaech.
1632-1634 "Il Belos lor Barbadús", or War with the Bearded Left-handers is fought between Luydon and the Federation of the Channel Islands; Provincial and national governments stay out of the fighting. The Battle of the Pub (1634) is a decisive victory for the Federation as the Lundimen fled the field in horror when the only pub in the island was razed to smoldering ruins; the Mayor of Lugdun appologises for calling the Awranech "nothing but bearded left-handers, the lot of them, and their cats". The island is depopulated, leaving only the monks as inhabitants of the Luydon. Legend has it that the Awranaech left the island bereft of all its cats in retribution for the insult.
1653 Founding of Saint Perran's University at Trurow. Tinner's Senate abolishes the title of Count in the Province.
1666 Dr. Ricard Geouffrey of St. Tudy's performs a blood transfusion on a man in Castreleon; publishes a survey of transfusion techniques on farm animals.
1689 Language Laws are enacted by the High Senate: education and business are to be conducted in Brithenig; thus making legal what has for centuries been the customary situation throughout Cambria.
1703 Remnants of an American hurricane destroy ships and damage houses across the Province.
1715 A total lunar eclipse passes over the Province; savants predict that the failure of Kemr's colonial empire is imminent.
1720 Samuel Futh, renowned comic writer, born at Trurow; works include "Castreleon Follies" and "King Jockow's Arse".
1730s Expansion of copper mining in the Province; development of coal mining industry inaugurates a period of great affluence in Dumnonia.
1754 Gwilliame Bligh, renowned Captain of the Bounty, is born at St. Tudy.
1790 Pryce compiles the first Kerno-English dictionary and grammar book.
1796 Earthquake at St. Hillary's.
1801 Ricard Trevithick, invents the road locomotive and operates it at Esca.
1805 Act of Federation between England, Scotland and Cambria. Riots break out in every corner of the Province (and in other parts of Cambria as well). Civil war is narrowly avoided by the pleas of the Dumnonian High King, Augustinos (Ricard Trevithick) to his fellow countrymen.
1807 Tinners' Senate vetoes the Act of Federation.
1814 The reality of the Act of Federation is grudgingly accepted and the great Veto of 1807 is reluctantly overturned.
1832 Abolition of slavery within the Federated Kingdom.
1834 The St. Marten Islands (the Scillies) inaugurate cumpulsory education.
1840s Agitation against anti-Dumnonian sentiment from Castreleon. Significant emigration to Mejico and the Solemn League by miners.
1850-1865 Period of greatest mining prosperity in the Province.
1850s Emigration by miners to South Africa. Granite quarry opens on Luydon, but is short-lived.
1859 The spectacular (and costly, at 42500 ecus) Prince Constantine Bridge over the Tamar River is opened, allowing railroads to connect along the southern part of the Province.
1860 Kings Prison is built on Luydon.
1865 Armorican Pagan missions established in Dunein. The Patriarch urges all Catholics to resist the "Foreign scourge and deviltry". "Y Newes", a Glastein newspaper at the time rebuts: 'Que vervaz revaz', or "What goes around comes around," in reference to the well known missionary work of any number of Dumnonian saints over the centuries. Locals largely welcome the missionaries, who were remarkably well versed in local history and music.
1866 The Kernow League is formed, whose aims are to restore Dumnonian languages and cultures from destruction in the advance of Brithenig through the Province. Ultimate goals are secession from Cambria; Cos Nustr is courted. Plunge in copper prices sparks the deindustrialisation of the Province; local economy stagnates for several decades.
1875 The League of Dumnonian Universities encourages a linguistic and cultural revival despite the Language Laws.
1879 The Tinners' Senate is reawakened from its long slumber and legislates the use of the Eastern Kerno dialect as the official daily language in the Province. The eastern centrebs riot, but are ultimately quelled.
1890 Rob fitz Simmon is the first Briton to capture the world heavyweight championship in pugilism; having won three titles in three weight classes. The steam ferry operated by the Armoric Shipping Co. begins service between Llandrow in the Islands and Powyl in Durrow.
1891 A blizzard sweeps across the Province, killing 45 people, and more than 10000 sheep; hurricane force winds damage ships and buildings.
1900 Marconi sends the first transatlantic signal from western Dunein.
1904 Jenner publishes his "Llifr dil Llinghedig Corno", sparking interest in the native tongues of the Province.
1914 First Great War; Dumnonian Legions distinguish themselves for bravery and gallantry in battle. The High Senate abolishes all Language Laws.
1919 Kings Prison on Luydon is closed.
1922 Englishman Martin C. Harmon buys Luydon from the Provincial Government.
1923 Bible published in the Kerno language.
1929 Court case of Crown v. Harmon; Harmon is declared innocent, Crown reaffirms position of the Tinners' Senate. Tinners' Senate reaffirms 1311 decree with respect to the affairs of the island of Luydon as a self-governing entity within the Province.
1931 Industrial depression in Cambria, 20% unemployed; situation far worse in the Province where nearly 40% are unemployed.
1945 Cultural rennaisance begins across Cambria.
1950 Sunday Trading begins.
1967 Coronation of King Gereint XIII of Kemr.
1971 Kynoch Report to the High Senate recommends that, when referring to Dumnonia, official documents should read "Province of Dumnonia" rather than "Provinces of Dumnonia", eliminating confusion over the previously official status of Dunein being four provinces rather than one.
1973 The High Senate enacts the "Provincial Senates Act", following the successful action of Ambrosius Hewlin (Chief Druid of Dumnonia) v. the Crown. Several points are made: that Dumnonia is a special case due to its independant status at the time of the formation of Principtad Kemr; Dumnonia was held as an independant Kingdom with rights and prerogatives of a State before 838AD; that the High Kings of Dumnonia enjoy certain rights and prerogatives within the Province and in the governance of the Province; and most importantly that legislation enacted by the Tinners' Senate is valid Law within the Province; that the High Senate can't enact Laws for the Province in contravention of the Tinners' Senate; and that the Tinners' Senate has the priviledge of Veto over Laws enacted that are not in the interests of the Province. This Act is couched in language that makes it seem to apply to any "...legislating body or Senate within the ancient bounds of the Principality of Kemr...", but of course, the only such body in Kemr is the Tinners' Senate.
1979 Englishman Andrew Morris buys the island of Luydon; makes much of it into national parks and wildlife refuges.
mid-1980s Luydon becomes a popular tourist attraction for all levels of FK society.
1988 Violent campaign by nationalists against English and other foreign influences and immigration. Violence erupts most horrifically in the eastern Centrebs of the Province. Twenty-five Saxons living in the Province are lynched and at least 60 Saxon homes are burnt.
2000 Farmers and Cos Nustr agitators take 'Just Action' against increasing fuel costs. Floods along the Severn River.
2001 Foot and Mouth Disease outbreaks in the Province.
2002 Gerontius ix is the first High King to be crowned in Brittany as well as Dumnonia since 1532. This action causes a stir in France.