Terezija I

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Terézija

Terézija foncu Hapšpurk, germ. Theresia von und zu Habsburg, *1896 - †1962


The first queen on Bohemian throne was a grand-daughter of Típolt, daughter of his son Kéork (*1868 - †1917). She was enthroned in 1919. One of her first acts in 1920 was incorporation of explicit neutrality and woman suffrage into new constitution (Ten Pémiš Órtnunk). The consequences of the new constitution were several; deeper federalisation (4 > 7; split of some former federative members: Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia > Upper and Lower Silesia + Teschenland, Lusatia > Upper and Lower Lusatia), the Royal Party became Constitutional Party, loosing its tides to the House of Habsburg. She also introduced state supervised educational and health system, rising the living standard beyond common European trend. She also initiated the foundation of two new universities in Pryn (Ta Techniša Hóchšula) and Preslau (Ta Politechnikšula). Generally, she started to release the tides of royal power to the state administration up to liberal constitutional monarchy, as her grand-grandfather and grandfather started.

Bohemian Kingdom was threaten from 1933 by German nationalistic administration, later lead by A. Hessler, to either submit in a name of pan-germanism or to be invaded. Although Bohemian Kingdom was still formally member of Holy Roman Empire since its founding, its allegiance to it was pure formal. Heims in Reich was the slogan of German administration and in 1934 Austria subdued to it. Bohemian language was seen just as a weird dialect of German and the same result as for Austria was expected. In Lipov-von Korff Treaty, Bohemian Kingdom was in an interest sphere of Holy Roman Empire. Bohemian Kingdom did not answer German threats, because the border fortress system needed to ensure its security. It was built from 1921 as an answer on First Great War and in the spirit of a new defence strategy. Bohemian Kingdom should withstand the attack of Holy Roman Empire at least till international community will react. But then, in 1935 Holy Roman Empire attacked Helvetia and no-one said a single word. Then, Hungary joined The Großartige Alliance in 1937. So, Bohemian Kingdom was next in a line. Germans and Allianz stationed troops all around the Bohemian Kingdom borders as a mean of pressure. Then, in accordance with the plans of Holy Roman Empire secret services, pan-germanic extremists from Ten Punt (das Bund) initiated a coup d'etat on 2nd April 1939. Queen was then under home arrest and her brother Herpärt agreed, seeing the helpless situation, to become prince-regent.

The role of queen Terézija in the Prague National Uprising in March 1949 is not known, queen her-self never spoke about anything what happened during the war.

As a conclusion of Congress in Visby, Terésija continued her reign, as there were no Königreich der Böhmischen Kronländer and the prince-regent was captured, judged and imprisoned.


predecessor Bohemian queen usurpator Bohemian quenn successor
king Típolt 1919-1939 prince-regent Herbert 1949-1959 king Ernšt
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