- The term "Sikh" has its origin in the Sanskrit word शिष्य (śisya), meaning a disciple or a student.
- The Sanskrit name for the region was Panchanada which means "Land of the Five Rivers". It was translated into Persian as Punjab after the Muslim conquests. The name "Punjab" (Punjabi: پنجاب ; Shahmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬ) is a compound of two Persian words, panj (five) and āb (water). Punjab thus means "The Land of Five Waters", referring to the rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Beas, all tributaries of the Indus River.
- The name of the capital city is the same as that of the province.
|Rawalpindi (R)||??? km²||???|| Rawalpindi (RR)|
|Gujrat (G)||??? km²||???|| Gujrat (GG)|
|Faisalabad (F)||??? km²||???|| Faisalabad (FF)|
|Amritsar (A)||??? km²||???|| Amritsar (AA)|
|Jalandhar (J)||??? km²||???|| Jalandhar (JJ)|
- Thus, the total area of the confederation is ??? km², slightly larger than *here's* ??? or the American state of ??? .
- The United Sikh Provinces are bordered on the:
- The northern border on Jammu and Kashmir is the 1200' elevation.
- The United Sikh Provinces are contiguous to *here's* Sind Sagar, Jech, Rechna, Bari and Bist doabs of Pakistan.
- There is freedom of religion in the United Sikh Provinces, although proselytism by Western religions is not encouraged.
- National mammal: Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca)
- National bird: blue peafowl (Pavo cristatus)
- National reptile: Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus)
- National flower: Devil's trumpet (Datura metel)
- National cuisine: Tandoori chicken
- The national flag is rectangular and consists of nine stripes alternating blue and green. These stripes represent the five rivers and the fertile land. In a blue canton is a red khanda which represents the Sikh religion.
- The national emblem is a golden Ik Oankar over the red Khanda, representing the supremacy of the faith over the civil government.
- National dress: chola
- National sport: kabaddi
- National dance
- National instrument: alghoza
- National colors: blue, green and red
United Sikh Provinces public holidays
|13 January (2019)||Lohri and Maghi|
|16 March (2019)||New Year|
|21 March (2019)||Hola Mohalla|
|12 April||Foundation Day||The coronation of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1801|
|13 April (2019)||Vaisakhi|
|13 May||Constitution Day||Date present constitution was passed in 1869|
|1st Monday in September||Election Day||Every five years in years divisible by 5.|
|20 October (2019)||Birth of the Guru Granth|
|12 November (2019)||Birthday of the Guru Nanak|
- Sikhconair is the flag carrier of the United Sikh Provinces.
- There are aerodromes in Lahore and Rawalpindi.
- There are international flights to Faizabad, Awadh; Delhi, Bharaþij Samraj; Jammu, Jammu; Jaipur, Razputhana; and Herat, Moghul National Realm.
- Airplanes are also owned by private citizens and the military.
- Driving is on the left side of the road.
- About 93 percent of the kingdom's roads are paved with either asphalt or cement.
- A four-lane limited access highway connects Rawalpindi, Lahore and Multan, with an extension westward from Lahore to Amritsar.
- A four-lane highway connects Rawalpindi to Faisalabad
- Vehicle registration is the concern of the provinces. The color of the license indicates the province of registration.
- Rawalpindi - dark blue
- Amritsar - yellow
- Gujrat - light blue
- Faisalabad - dark green
- Multan - light green
- A six-number designation is used for private vehicles.
- All other designations use five numbers with a letter prefix:
- A - emergency vehicles
- K - business
- P - military
- S - government
- A rail line to the north connects Lahore through Gujrat to Rawalpindi.
- A second rail line to the east connects Lahore to Amritsar.
- A third rail line to the south connects Lahore through Faisalabad to Multan.
- Education is compulsory through grade twelve.
- Education in the United Sikh Provinces is divided into five levels: nursery (preparatory classes); primary (grades one through six); middle (grades seven through nine); matriculation (grades ten through twelve, leading to the secondary certificate); and university programs leading to graduate and postgraduate degrees.
- There is one university in the United Sikh Provinces, the University of the Punjab in Lahore. The university has campuses in the five provincial capitals.
- The Lahore campus has a school of health sciences, a school of medicine and a school of nursing.
- The Faisalabad campus has a school of law.
- The Multan campus has a school of dentistry.
- The Gujrat campus has a school of the arts.
- The Rawalpindi campus has a school of agriculture and a school of veterinary medicine.
- The Amritsar campus has a school of Sikh studies.
- The Jalandhar campus has a school of engineering.
Flora and fauna
- Mammal species found in the Punjab include the nilgai, red fox, wild boar, Indian leopard, axis deer, blackbuck, hog deer, dholes, Indian pangolin and the Punjab urial.
- Among the bird species are the Alexandrine parakeet, barn owl, black kite, myna, hoopoe, Indian peafowl, red-vented bulbul, rock pigeon, shelduck, shikra, and white-backed vulture.
- Reptile species include the Indian cobra, Indian star tortoise, Sindh krait, yellow monitor and gharial.
- Amphibian species include the Indus Valley bullfrog, Indus Valley toad and black pond turtle.