Monarchs of Aragon

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Monarchs of Aragon
1412-1416Ferran IAlso King of Sicily
1416-1458Alifonso IIAlso King of Sicily and Naples
1458-1479Chuan IIAlso King of Sicily (1458-1468)
1479-1516Ferran IIAlso King of Sicily (1468-1516) and Naples (1504-1516)
1516-1556Carles IAlso King of Sicily and Naples
1556-1598Felip IAlso King of Sicily and Naples
1598-1621Felip IIAlso King of Sicily and Naples
1621-1665Felip IIIAlso King of Sicily and Naples
1665-1700Carles IIAlso King of Sicily and Naples
1700-1704Sanxo IAlso King Sancho V of Castile and Leon
1704-1724Felip IVAlso King of Two Sicilies
1724-1724Loís I
1724-1746Felip IV
1713-1759Ferran III
1759-1788Carles IIIAlso King of Two Sicilies (1735-1759)
1788-1808Carles IV
1808-1833Ferran IVAlso King of Two Sicilies since 1810
1833-1856Felip VAlso King of Two Sicilies
1856-1884Loís IIAlso King of Two Sicilies and Riu de L'Argent
1884-1887Loís IIIAlso King of Two Sicilies and Riu de L'Argent
1887-1904Alifonso VIAlso King of Two Sicilies and Riu de L'Argent
1904-1931Carles VAlso King of Two Sicilies and Riu de L'Argent
1931-1963Isabel IAlso Queen of Two Sicilies and Riu de L'Argent
1963-1997Ferran VAlso King of Two Sicilies and Riu de L'Argent
1997-presentCarles VIAlso King of Two Sicilies and Riu de L'Argent

From 1460 to 1809

The history of the Iberian peninsula is almost unchanged up to 1468, when king Enrique VI of Castile and Leon's brother Alfonso died *here*.

Enrique died on schedule in 1474 and in a quick civil war Alfonso managed to get rid of Enrique's wife's daughter Juana and was proclaimed king.

Alfonso XII's sister, Isabella, had married Ferdinand II, king of Aragon, and there was no unification of Spain.

Both Alfonso of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon continued their crusade against the Moors, and in 1492 the Caliphate of Cordova was decisively defeated, and both kings expelled the Jews from their kingdoms.

Alfonso, worried trying to compete with Portugal, who had circumnavigated Africa, and the Aragonese dominium of the Mediterranean, accepted the proposal of this Genovese sailor Cristopher Columbus, and sponsors an expedition to the Indies by navigating westwards.

Isabella and Ferdinand of Aragon have a daughter called Juana, who marries the Habsburg prince Phillip. Their son, Charles, will become Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire as Charles V and king of Aragon as Carlos I, who was followed by Philip II (who also inherited the Netherlands), Philip III, Philip IV and Carlos II.

In Castile, Alfonso's son Sancho V is followed by his son Juan III, who also became king of Portugal as Joao IV, but this was barely a personal union. Juan's heirs - Alfonso XIII and Enrique VII - also ruled over Portugal (Alfonso VI & Henrique II) until Joao Braganza drived out the Castilian usurpers, and became Joao V of Portugal.

Enrique's son Sancho VI, was a contender to the Aragonese throne after the death of Carlos II. He managed to hold the Aragonese crown from 1700 to 1704, but he finally lost the Aragonese Sucession War to the Bourbons, and Philip V Bourbon become the new king of Aragon.

After Joao V, the Braganza dynasty in Portugal followed: Alfonso VII, Pedro II, Joao VI, Joseph Emanuel and Maria I.

In Aragon, Ferdinand VI, Charles III and Charles IV followed Philip V. Charles IV's son Ferdinand conspired with Napoleon and assumed the throne as Ferdinand VII after his father's abdication in 1808. Aragon and the Two Sicilies (under Ferdinand), became allied to France and their armies and navies part of the French Imperial Army and Navy.

In Castile, Sancho VI was suceded by his nephew Sancho VII, then by Juan IV and Juan V and Alfonso XIV.

In 1809, Napoleon attempted to take both Castile and Portugal. He managed to make Maria resign for his son Pedro and Pedro resign for Nap's brother Joseph, and both of them were made prisoners. Alfonso of Castile managed to escape to New Grenada denouncing Joseph Bonaparte as a ursurper.

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