Moldova

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Peгaтул Moлдoвeaн
Regatul Moldovean
Kingdom of Moldova
Flag of Moldova
Subdivision of: Romanian Federation, and Balkan Defense Agreement
Cities:  
 Capital: Chişinău
 Largest: Odesa
 Other: Iaşi, Suceava, Bălţi, Tighina, Vaslui, Cahul, Chilia
Languages:  
 Official: Romanian
 Others: Ukrainian, Russian
King: Aurel II
Regent: Field marshal/prime minister Serghei Jucov
Population: 7,368,218 (2004 census)
Established: May, 1918, from Russia

The Kingdom of Moldova is, along with Oltenia and Muntenia, one of the three countries that since 1990 makes part of the Romanian Federation. Since the death of King Petru II his son Aurel II has been the monarch, but has not yet taken up his official duties due to being underage. Moldova was perhaps the most obviously SNOR-dominated portion of Romania.

Contents

Administration

Government

Moldova is a Constitutional Monarchy that places roughly equal power in the Prime Minister (as head of government) and in the Monarch (as head of state).

The Prime Minister is elected by national ballot every seven years. The Assembly consists of a Chamber of Deputies and a Senate. Deputies serve up to four years until a General Election must be called by either the Prime Minister or Monarch. Senators serve for nine year terms. They are appointed, half by the Prime Minister and half by the Monarch. All bills must originate in the Chamber, however the Senate has the power of temporary (simply majority) or permanent (two-thirds supermajority) veto. A temporary veto only stops a bill during that legislative session. If the Chamber passes the same bill once again the next session it does not even go to the Senate for a vote. The Cabinet is drawn from both houses of the Assembly.

Judicial appointments are made by the Chamber and approved (or denied) by the Senate. Considerable constroversy has arisen over the fact that Field marshal Serghei Jucov, in his position as Regent to the underage King Aurel II (born 1991) is also Prime Minister, thus wielding the full power of both crown and premiership.

Administrative Divisions

Moldova is divided into 14 counties (judeţe / жудеце, sing. judeţ / жудец). In additon the cities of Chişinău and Odesa have a special status, close to the level of a county.

The counties of Moldova are in alphabetical order:

Name Code Area
(mi² - km²)
Population
2004
Administrative centre
Bălţi
Бълць
BL   532,559 Bălţi
Бълць
Botoşani
Ботошань
BT   591,625 Botoşani
Ботошань
Cahul
Кахул
CL   270,869 Cahul
Кахул
Chilia
Кіліа
CH   223,597 Chilia
Кіліа
Edineţi
Едінець
ET   416,124 Edineţi
Едінець
Iaşi
Іащь
IS   425,379 Iaşi
Іашь
Lăpuşna
Лъпушна
LP   944,526 Chişinău
Кіщінъу
Odesa
Одеса
OD   1,503,799 Odesa
Одеса
Orhei
Орхеі
OH   492,310 Orhei
Орхеі
Soroca
Сорока
SC   435,675 Soroca
Сорока
Suceava
Сучеава
SV   297,404 Suceava
Сучеава
Tighina
Тігіна
TG   536,210 Tighina
Тігіна
Tutova
Тутова
TV   414,825 Bârlad
Бырлад
Vaslui
Васлуі
VS   283,316 Vaslui
Васлуі

The counties are further divided into towns (oraşe / ораше) and rural municipalities (comune / комуне).

History

Following the rebellion in Oltenia, Moldova also staged a revolution and was established as an independent state in May, 1918. The first King was Petru I who hailed from the royal family of Portugal and in effect was offered the job as part of a series of agreements ending the First Great War.

Flag of SNOR-ist Moldova

Petru I reigned until the end of the Second Great War, through various tumults not least was the establishment of a pro-SNOR regime in his kingdom. His son Petru II saw the end of that period, but the country remains unsteady.

Geography

overview map of Romanian Federation

The landscapes of Moldova typically varies from plains in the southeast to hills in the west and northwest. The highest mountain, Holm, is 1878 ft (556 metres) and is located in the nortwest of the country, at the border between Botoşani county and Iaşi county.

The most important rivers are the Prut and the Nistru, both flowing from the northwest, the Prut flowing south into Muntenia and the Danube and the Nistru towards the Black Sea in the southeast. The biggest lakes are the coastal lakes in the south and the man-made Stânca Costeşti in the north.

Borders

Moldova is bordered by: North and East: Ukraine. West: Oltenia. South: Muntenia. Southeast: Black Sea.

Map

A map of Moldova showing its administrative division and most important towns.


Economy

ECONOMY OF THE SUB-NATIONAL ENTITY

Currency

The currency of Moldova used to be the corona ("crown", pl. corone, 1 corona = 12 bani = 120 copeica) but has now been replaced by the new common currency of the Romanian Federation, the leu nou (pl. lei noi) or "new leu" (1 leu = 180 bani).

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