Moghul

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     This page was copied from http://www.geocities.com/rodlox/Conlangs/Faux_Farsi.html, and serves primarily as a notebook for it.     



Not Really Persian, This is a Conlang

References for the phonemes and a few language rules:
"Punjabi-English English-Punjabi Dictionary" by Dr. K.K. Goswami.
"Urdu: Dictionary And Phrasebook" by Nicholas Awde.
"Lonely Planet: Farsi (Persian) Phrasebook: The Language of Iran"
"the Afghans" by Willem Vogelsang.
"The Rough Guide To Hindi & Urdu: Dictionary Phrasebook" compiled by Lexus.



To avoid any confusion, I'll explain here and now what some of the perhaps odd-looking letters represent, since I only know the English alphabet when it comes to text-only formats.

é and a= are e and a with a line over the vowel.

d. and r.are those consonants with a . beneath them.

n. is n with a . overtop of it.
' is an apostrophe...though it may be used as an 'ayn.
" is a glottal stop...like the Cockney bo"le.




And now, for some interlinears:

n.at ond.h-n.an
wing has[2]bird
bird is greater part of wing
*
n.ate ond.hn.an
wings[pair] has[2]bird
bird has two wings
*
Na’at ibv-(a=)n.ate
Glider is-wings
The glider is wings
*
d.ha=q suuv(a)1812 a=f-na’ate
invent(ed)-in-1812 is/was-gliders
**
A=f prefix’s time is determined by sentence context, not by its attached word.
**
Éx-n.ate ond.-Kiwi
No-wings has[2]Kiwi
Kiwis have no wings
*
Ok.t swen-Tim swen-Jim a=f-am-ichar
And both[of a pair]Tim both[of a pair]Jim is-was-being-done-hike
Jim and Tim are [both] hiking
*
Ok.t swe-Daisy swe-Jim a=f-(am)-swe
Daisy and Jim are married
*
Chey ’ven
Welcome[inclusive into-family
Welcome to the family
**
The ’ role is largely determined by the preceeding words.
**
Mera’shey ’(a)ghaf-aw
Welcome[non-inclusive] into-house-mine
Welcome to my house
*
Sevas r.ha=n
Child how-like/typical-of
How like a child, typical [of] child (usually refers to behavior)
*
Qes-Tur.q
Flower-Turks[from]
Flower from [the]Turks
Tulip
*
Qust-Bahas’
Fruit-Bahasa[from]
Fruit from [the] Bahasa
Nutmeg




</p>

Plural Forms
__pairthreefourfive and more
-t -tethhet.e
-d, -dh ___ da, dha dé, dhé  
-d. d.a d.ha d.a' d.a=
n na nhe ne na=
n. n.e n.he n.e' n.é
verbs -ob -obt -obh -ob.n
guess -ah -ah -ahn -ahn
negation éx- éxa=- éxa=- éxa=-
         
"group of..." swe, swen-(both) sun sut su'a, sua
reciprocating o"ol- o"ola- o"ola- o"ole-
describing éda- éd- éd- édu-
         




</p>

English Moghul what it describes    
to you   travelling (ie, frisbee)    
to you   present, presenting    
to me   travelling    
to me   present, presenting  
         
         
         
         
         
         
         




</p>

saying "Welcome"
greeting [inclusive] greeting [non-inclusive]
chey shey
         
greeting [for duration of stay] greeting [other]
mera'chey, mera'shey  
         




And then there are the words derived from pre-existing languages...
</p>

Name / Word in Moghul"from...(s)"in Moghul
Turk Turq from Turks Tur.q
Bahasa Bahas from Bahasa Bahas'  
Merbaha (hello)Marhaba=      
         
farr var.     for more, see the "Justice" section below.
nang (honour) na=n.     for more, see the "Justice" section below.
malmastriya^ (hospitality)malma=strya=     for more, see the "Justice" section below.
nanawa^tay (asylum) nan.a=tay     for more, see the "Justice" section below.
badal (revenge) badal     for more, see the "Justice" section below.
         




Animal names

animal's name name in Moghul      
Giraffe, deba & ana (Chaldean) debana=      
         
         
         
         




Food names

food's name in Moghul      
         
         
         
         




____ names

____'s name name in Moghul      
         
         
         
         




Degrees of Animacy
Words are arranged higher (top) to lower (bottom), and higher (left) to lower (right).

Distinction   finer distinctions
human   King Nobles & Chiefs Commoners
useful   higher (horses, wine, barley) lower (sheep, oats)  
no-use   Onagers (wild noble animals) Dogs (feral beasts) (?)
beneath  Keep (rocks, water - clean things of drink and shelter)Muck (thatch, mud - unclean things of shelter) No-touch (feces - unclean things of no use)




Note: the "belonging/possessing" is dependant upon the rank of the subject - a stallion might be the leader of a herd, but a colt would only belong to the herd.

word - English word - Moghul form Animacy Distinction example in a sentance
have qaen 1st Person Possessing, Present Tense   I have a glove, I have a horse.
have qaen-sa 1st Person Possessing, Past Tense person I had a horse.
havesa-qaen 1st Person Possessing, Future Tense person I will have a horse.
have qada= 2nd Person Possessing, Present TensepersonYou have a glove, You have a horse.
have qada-sa 2nd Person Possessing, Past Tense person You had a horse.
  sa-qada 2nd Person Possessing, Future Tense person You will have a horse.
have qa"an Possessing, Past & Present Tense beneath The boulder has lichen (on it), The boulder had moss growing (on it), The book is damaged, The book has damage (to it).
have qa"ana Possessing, Future Tense beneath  The boulder will have moss on it.
have, attached-to qeda= Possessing, Present Tense useful - higher The horse has a leech (on it).
have, attached-to qe"eda Possessing, Past Tense useful - higher The horse had a leech (on it) there is no Future Tense.
have     useful - lower  
have, attached-to qeta    useful - lower The sheep has a leech (on it).
haveqe"ate Belonging/Possessing, Past Tenseno-use The Onager had a herd.
have qe"atet Belonging/Possessing, Present Tenseno-use The Onager has a herd.
have, attached-to qe"ata Possessing, Past Tenseno-use The Onager had a leech (on it).
have, attached-to qe"atat Possessing, Present Tenseno-use The Onager has a leech (on it).
have qa"an Possessing, Past & Present Tense beneath The boulder has lichen (on it), The boulder had moss growing (on it), The book is damaged, The book has damage (to it).
have qa"ana Possessing, Future Tense beneath  The boulder will have moss on it.
         
made (crafted, invented)dha=q Done, Present Tense   The (current) creation of flying machines.
made (crafted, invented)d.ha=q Done, Past Tense   The (past) creation of flying machines.
made (crafted, invented) dhaq Planning, Future Tense   (Planning the day when/with) the creation of flying machines.
made (crafted, invented) d.haq-en Planning, Present Tense  (Planning today's) creation of flying machines.
made (crafted, invented) dhaq-en Planning, Past Tense  The creation of flying machines (was planned).
         
of   1st Person    
of the   1st Person    
of   2nd Person    
of the   2nd Person    
         
         


hide (finding shelter) seudu Action   The child hides from the attacking army.
hide (playing)seu"edu Action   The child hides with his playmates.
hide (animal camoflaging) sequ      
"hide" (can't see it) seu"u 1st Person   You can keep pointing at it - but I still see a hidden
"hide" (can't see it) seu 2nd Person   I can keep pointing at it - but you still see a hidden
         
these, those qoln     These three bears, Those three bears. 
this, that qolv     That feral dog, This feral dog.
       
On sov Non-Possessive    
On the soq Animate, Possessive   A flea on the dog's back.
On the soqa Inanimate, Possessive   A pancake on the plate.
         
Around quqa= Action   (Going) around the enemy's defenses.
Around ququ State of existance   A hedge around the house.
         
To (destination)        
To (addressee)        
         
From (to destination)        
From (addresser)       
         
Inside        
Outside        
         
Rear        
Fore       
Side, flank        
         
With (in the company of)       
At        
Until        
By        
         
         
         






Forms of justice in the Moghul National Realm.
These have to do with the level of authority in the decree, and the odds of a petitioner having the decree overturned. (the King can overturn a Court decision, but not the other way around; for example).


used by... word in Moghul Justified / Unjustified form & details
Regnal (from the Royal Family) qal-nan._Justified
Court (from those who attend the palace functions) qaalu Justified
Court (from those who attend the palace functions) qa=lu Unjustified, baseless
Court (from those who attend the palace functions) qélu Unjustified, revenge
Court (from those who attend the palace functions) qélu'a Unjustified, snubbing
Regional (from tribal chiefs) qa=sa-lu Justified
Regional (from tribal chiefs) qasa-luUnjustified, baseless
Regional (from tribal chiefs) qasa-lu'aUnjustified, revenge
Regional (from tribal chiefs) qasa-lu'a= Unjustified, snubbing
Family (from the head of a household) a=lu Justified
Family (from the head of a household) alu Unjustified
Personal (from an individual) a=lu'a Justified
Personal (from an individual) alu'a Unjustified


borrowed word word in Moghul Tense Definition  
farr var. Past Tense the obligation to remove bad rulers
farr var Present Tense the obligation to remove bad rulers
nang (honour) na=n. Present Tense honour
nang (honour) na=n Past Tense honour
malmastriya^ (hospitality)malma=strya= Present Tensehospitality
malmastriya^ (hospitality)malma=stréya= Past Tense hospitality
nanawa^tay (asylum) nann.a=tay Past Tense asylum
nanawa^tay (asylum) nan.a=tay Present Tense asylum
badal (revenge) badal   revenge

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