Merv

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Merv name.PNG
Merv
Official flag of Merv
City Flag
Official Emblem of Merv Official Tamga of Merv
City Emblem City Tamğa
City nickname:
"Türkümänistan İşiği"
("Gateway of Türkümänistan")
Location of Merv
Location of Merv within Turkestan
Province Türkümänistan
Äkim NAME OF LEADER
Area TOTAL AREA km²
Population
 - Total (as of 2008)
Mervis
123,000
Time zone
 - summer (DST)
Turkestan Time (UTC+5:00)
Turkestan Summer Time (UTC+6:00)

Merv is an oasis city in the Qaraqum desert in Türkümänistan Province of Turkestan. It is the seat of the senior Assyrian bishop in Turkestan, and is involved in the natural gas industry.

Contents

History

Early History

Merv was an important trading city from ancient times. Formerly known as Margiana, it was briefly known as Alexandria Margiana after Alexander the Great conquered the area, then became an important Sassanid city.

In the V and VI Centuries, Merv became an important centre of Assyrian Christianity; it has also had significant Buddhist and Manesian activity in its long history. It was an important way-station for caravans on the ancient Silk Road, and was thus very important as both a trading city and as a centre for the propagation of a number of different religious groups.

It is claimed that Merv was the largest city in the world for a brief period in the XII Century; certainly it was one of the most significant Silk Road cities during that period.

Modern Merv

Economy

Much of Merv's revenue comes from the natural gas drilling operations about 20 miles east of the city.

There is also a certain amount of revenue from tourists coming to its ancient architectural sites, as well as from Assyrian pilgrims coming to the centre of the Assyrian Church in Central Asia.

Culture

Merv is the most senior Assyrian Metropolitan See in all of Central Asia; its Metropolitan bishop is often considered a spokesman for the entire Assyrian Church in Turkestan, though the other Metropolitanates of Samarqand, Taraz and Buxara are nominally independent from the Merv Metropolitanate.

Merv is also home to a large Turcoman horse-breeding centre.

Metropolitan See

The Metropotitan cathedral complex

The Metropolitan of Merv (Mervi Küräpiskübi) is considered the senior Assyrian clergyman in Turkestan, and in fact, in all of Central Asia. Hence, the Metropolitan See is an important part of Merv's character. Many Mervi Metropolitans have gone on to become Catholicos; the citizens are justly proud of this.

The Metropolitan Cathedral of the Resurrection is only the centre of a large Assyrian religious complex, including a seminary, monasteries and convents, the largest library in Turkestan and an extensive administrative centre.

The Metropolitanate directly oversees the following bishoprics:

Other episcopal sees in Turkestan fall under the supervision of the Metropolitans of Samarqand, Buxara and Taraz.

Sports Teams

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