Melilla and Oran

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Melilla y Orán
Melilla i Orán
Melilla and Oran
Subdivision of Aragon
Capital Melilla, Oran
Languages
Official Aragonese, Catalan, Arabic
Area ...
Population ...
Establishment ...

Contents


Mellila and Oran (in order going west to east on the coast) were founded by the Moors, Oran in the 10th century and Mellila probably in the 12th century. Aragon captured Mellila in 1497 and Oran in 1509. Prior to that time Melilla had been the frontier of the Kingdom of Tremecén and the Kingdom of Fez. These cities were not long in the hold of Aragon, as the Ottoman Empire came quickly to power in the early 18th century, capturing both cities in 1708, and holding control until 1732. Eager to regain these cities, the Ottomans captured them in 1791 and lost them to the French in 1831, who gave them back to the Aragonese.

Mellila in particular has always been a desired prize of the Maghreb Caliphate, but Aragon, as well as Castilla i León, denounce all such claims. Oran is credited with giving birth to the musical movement ‘Rai.’

Administration

Government

The Aragonese African enclaves are ruled separately as city-provinces.

Administrative Divisions

The Aragonese African enclaves are:

Ciudat de Melilla
Ciutat de Melilla
City of Melilla
Flag of Oran
Subdivision of Aragon
Capital Melilla
Languages Arabic, Aragonese, Catalan,
Area ...
Population ...
Establishment ...
Ciudat de Orán
Ciutat de Oràn
City of Oran
Flag of Oran
Subdivision of Aragon
Capital Oran
Languages Aragonese, Arabic, Catalan
Area ...
Population ...
Establishment ...


History

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Geography

Borders

Melilla borders in the south with Maghreb.

Oran borders in the south with Maghreb.

Economy

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Culture

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Flag of Aragon Divisions of Aragon Flag of Aragon
Regions
Upper Aragon    Catalonia    Country of Valencia    Murzia    Balear Islands    Africa
Provinces
Teruel | Uesca | Zaragoza    Barcelona | Girona | Lleida | Tarragona    Alacant | Castelló | Valencia    Albacete | Almeria | Murzia    Mallorca | Menorca | Ibiza    Melilla | Oran
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