Melilla and Oran
|Official||Aragonese, Catalan, Arabic|
Mellila and Oran (in order going west to east on the coast) were founded by the Moors, Oran in the 10th century and Mellila probably in the 12th century. Aragon captured Mellila in 1497 and Oran in 1509. Prior to that time Melilla had been the frontier of the Kingdom of Tremecén and the Kingdom of Fez. These cities were not long in the hold of Aragon, as the Ottoman Empire came quickly to power in the early 18th century, capturing both cities in 1708, and holding control until 1732. Eager to regain these cities, the Ottomans captured them in 1791 and lost them to the French in 1831, who gave them back to the Aragonese.
Mellila in particular has always been a desired prize of the Maghreb Caliphate, but Aragon, as well as Castilla i León, denounce all such claims. Oran is credited with giving birth to the musical movement ‘Rai.’
The Aragonese African enclaves are ruled separately as city-provinces.
The Aragonese African enclaves are:
|Languages||Arabic, Aragonese, Catalan,|
|Languages||Aragonese, Arabic, Catalan|
|Upper Aragon||Catalonia||Country of Valencia||Murzia||Balear Islands||Africa|
|Teruel | Uesca | Zaragoza||Barcelona | Girona | Lleida | Tarragona||Alacant | Castelló | Valencia||Albacete | Almeria | Murzia||Mallorca | Menorca | Ibiza||Melilla | Oran|