Lombard

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A Gallo-Italic language spoken in Italy. It is co-official with Italian in Lombardy, Italian and Emilian in Mantua, and Italian, German, Helvetian and Venetian in Trento. It is also spoken in parts of Piedmont and the Two Sicilies.

Orthography

Lombard uses the classical Milanese orthography, which is broadly similar to the classical Milanese orthography *here* except for one small difference: the digraph ou is used, as in French, to represent the phoneme [u]. This change arose in the mid-19th century out of a necessity for a standard Lombard; the vast majority of Lombard dialects used had the phoneme [o], which did not exist in Milanese and was not distinguished in writing from [u]. As the language was unified with a standard intended to represent all dialects, the two phonemes had to be distinguished, and therefore "ou" was imported from French and Narbonósc.

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