The country of Lippe was first mentioned in 1123 in relation to noblemen from the area. Today’s principality covers roughly the same land area as the ancient duchy and kingdom. The increases in stature of Lippe came first in 1528, as it was granted ducal status, and then in 1789 it was named a principality of the Holy Roman Empire. Lippe was able to maintain its independence through the two Great Wars and the Napoleonic influence of Europe. Lippe remains an independent state, and is one of the smallest in the Holy Roman Empire.