6/23/17 - revised 1/22/18
- My second CEA proposal concerns Kenya. I have opened a Kenya page on IB where it can be read.
- There is no Kenya page (until now!). The CEA page states "CEA covers the area of *here*'s Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania, southern Kenya and Comoros." The Ethiopia page (a proposal, not QSS) states "Ethiopia is much larger than the country of the same name here. It covers *here*'s Somalia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Northern Uganda, Northern Kenya, and Southern Sudan." I propose that *here's* southern Kenya become the nation of Kenya with "southern" defined as the (southern half) southwestern quarter of the country. (The border will be the Tana River to Mt. Kenya, thence on a NW line to the northern shore of Lake Baringa, thence NW to Mt. Elgon.) The border will be the Tana River in the entirety of its course, to include Mt. Kenya. Thus Ethiopia, Kenya and Maasai will meet at Mt. Kenya. From there on a N-S line to the bend of the Athi River and following the Athi River to its source. From there on a line due south to the border with Tanganyika.
- The government is that of a federal elective constitutional monarchy similar to *here's* Federation of Malaysia. The Federation consists of (six states, contiguous to what were *here's* Kenya's provinces prior to 2013.) three states:
- 1. *Here's* Coast Province north of the Galana River, but to include the city of Malindi, minus the northeastern portion (Lamu County) north of the Tana River (the border with Ethiopia). This will be the Kingdom of Kaskazini (north). The capital is Malindi.
- 2. *Here's* Coast Province south of the Galana River, including the small portion south to the Umba River in *here's* Tanzania, the border with the Sultanate of Zanzibar. This will be the Kingdom of Pwani (coast). The capital is Mombasa.
- 3. *Here's* Eastern Province south of the Tana River and the portion of *here's* Kajiado County east of the Athi River. This will be the Kingdom of Magharibi (west). The capital is Embu.
- Mombasa is also the capital of the Federation.
- I suggest the flag on the Kenya site be replaced. A peacock, not being native to Africa, has no meaning as a symbol for Kenya. I'm thinking of a flag of (six stripes, red and white, and down the middle a gold strip (as illustrated by the flag of the Central African Republic)) three vertical stripes, green, yellow, and blue which has on (it) the center stripe the crescent and star of Islam in red.
- PoDs in bold print. I think that the IB data is self-evident.
- The first inhabitants of the eastern coast of Africa were communities of ironworkers and communities of Bantu subsistence farmers, hunters and fishers who supported the economy with agriculture, fishing, metal production and trade with foreign countries. These communities formed the earliest city-states in the region.
- By the 1st century CE, many of these city-states began to establish trade relations with Arabs from the Arabian peninsula which led to economic growth of the Swahili states, the eventual introduction of Islam, Arabic influences on the Swahili language. These Swahili city-states became a member of a larger trade network. Though subjected to foreign influence due to trade, these city-states retained a Bantu cultural core.
- In 980 Ali ibn Al-Hazzan Shirazi, a Persian merchant, bought the island of Kilwa (off the southern coast of *here's* Tanzania) from a Bantu king. The Shirazi dynasty ended in 1277 with the 27th sultan. At its height, its authority stretched over the entire length of the Swahili Coast, including Kenya. The sultans built elaborate coral mosques and introduced copper coinage. The Sultanate built Mombasa into a major port city and established trade links with other nearby city-states, as well as commercial centres in Persia, Arabia, and even India.
- During those three centuries there had been intermarriage with the African Muslims so that, by the end of the dynasty, the sultans were black.
- Toward the end of the 12th century Sultan Suleiman ibn al-Hassan ibn Dawud conquered much of the Swahili Coast, bringing Sofala, Pemba, Zanzibar and portions of the mainland under Kilwa's rule.
- In 1277, al-Hassan ibn (great-great-grandson of Suleiman) seized the throne and began the Mahdali dynastry.
- In the 14th century the Chinese came to the Swahili coast in the person of Admiral Zheng He and his "tribute voyages". They gradually took over the trading centers that had been established by the Arabs, trading in iron, ivory and spices. By the 17th century the slave trade had been expanded to meet the demands of plantations in Oman and Zanzibar.
- The Portuguese started buying slaves from the Chinese traders in response to the interruption of the transatlantic slave trade when England and Scotland abolished slavery in 1772.
- In the early 19th century the Chinese successfully supported the Maasai in their effort to resist an invasion from Ethiopia. Later in the same century the Ethiopians were successful in preventing the Chinese annexation of Somalia.
- Toward the end of the 19th century the Chinese built the Kenya-Uganda railway. This was resisted by some ethnic groups for ten years from 1890 to 1900, but the railroad was completed. Several of these ethnic groups were put on native reserve to stop them from disrupting the building of the railway.
- In 1920, the Chinese named this part of their African colony Kenya for its highest mountain.
- During the railway construction era there was a significant influx of Indian people who provided the bulk of the skilled manpower required for construction. They and most of their descendants later remained in Kenya and formed the core of several distinct Ismaili Muslim communities.
- In 1949 China was defeated in the Great Oriental War.
- In 1952 China was formally carved up. As reparation and in punishment China's colonies in India were liberated by the League of Nations, as was Zanzibar in Africa. The new Chinese nations formed the Chinese League and established the Chinese East Africa Company to operate Chinese Africa.
- Seeing a free Sultanate of Zanzibar, the other native peoples began to become restless and work toward their own independence. It took over four decade to accomplish this, but Kenya, Mozambique and Tanganyika were able to declare their independence in the early 1990s.
- In 1994, Kenya declared its independence as the Federated Kingdoms of Kenya. The Federation is comprised of the subkingdoms of Pwani, Kaskhazini and Magharibi.
- In 2000, Kenya became a full member of the reworked East Africa Treaty, reopening its borders with the other members of the new Treaty and adopting the East African yuan as its international trade currency.
- These are the subnational kingdoms that comprise the Federation of Kenya.
- The population figures are those of the 2015 census.
| Kingdom (Ufalme)|
Capital (Mji mkuu)
| Pwani (Ufalme wa Pwani) (P)|
|79,000 km²||3,348,904|| Mombasa (Mombasa) (PM)|
Kwale (Kwale) (PW)
Kilifi (Kilifi) (PK)
Taita (Mwatate) (PT)
Taveta (Tavete) (PV)
| Kaskhazini (Ufalme wa Kaskhazini) (KM)|
|46,943 km²||5,701,283|| Tana River (Malindi) (KT)|
Kitui (Kitui) (KK)
| Magharibi (Ufalme wa Maghraribi) (K)|
|13,191 km²||4,501,299|| Kajiado (Masaku) (MK)|
Makueni (Wote) (MN)
Machakos (Machakos) (MM)
Thus, the total area of the federation is 174,341 km², slightly larger than *here's* American state of Florida or slightly smaller than Uruguay.
- Kenya is bordered
- on the north by Ethiopia.
- This border is the Tana River in the entirety of its course, to include Mt. Kenya. From there on a N-S line to the bend of the Athi River and following the Athi River to its source. From there on a line due south to the border with Tanganyika.
- On the east by the Indian Ocean.
- On the south by Zanzibar and Tanganyika.
- This border extends from a point midstream at the mouth of the Umba River, east along parallel 4°40'50" to the 46th meridian; and west midstream along the course of the Umba River to its headwaters, thence along along an E-W line to the Pangani River; thence midstream along the Pangani River and its tributary the Kikuletwa River to the 37th meridian.
- on the west by Maasai.
- on the north by Ethiopia.
- Traffic moves to the left.
- Since its independence in 1994 Kenya has made steady progress in building roads in the cities and linking the major cities of the Kingdom. There are two limited access highways. Barabara kuu 1 (highway) (BK1), linking Mombasa and Malindi was completed in 1996. Barabara kuu 2 (BK1) from Mombasa to Masaku was completed in 2001. A four lane highway, although not limited access, paralleling the Galana River from Manyami to Malindi was completed in 2005.
- Fences border these highways for their whole length, but they do not really give much protection from animals like gazelles. Tunnels under the road at intervals facilitate the movement of the herds.
- License plates in Kenya are issued by the individual subkingdoms.
- The license plates of Kenya consist of six alphanumeric characters, white on a green background for Magharibi, black on yellow for Kaskhazini, white on blue for Pwani.
- The name of the subkingdom is printed along the bottom of the plate.
- A colored sticker with black numbers gives the expiration date of the plate.
- There is a two-letter alpha prefix. The first letter designates the subkingdom. The second letter designates the vehicle's use.
- P (privat) – privately owned
- S (serikali) – government owned
- K (kampuni) – company owned, including taxi cabs.
- O (polisi) – police
- J (kijeshi) – military - the kingdom designation for such vehicles shall be that of the kaunti (county) in which is located the military base for which the vehicle was purchased.
- The plates shall be issued in sequential order from 0001 to 9999. When 9999 is reached, an alphanumeric designation shall be used: A001 to A999, B001 to B999, etc.
- If the vehicle is sold, inherited or totally destroyed, the plates are returned to the Idari ya Magari (Department of Motor Vehicles). A new owner must re-register the vehicle.
- These plates are to be placed on both the front and the back of the vehicle, with the exception of bicycles, motorcycles, rickshaws, and animal-drawn conveyances.
- License plates for vehicles belonging to the diplomatic corps shall use three alpha codes and three numeric codes. The alpha code consists of the nation's three-letter country code. For example, the license plate of a Denmark consulate would bear the number DNM nnn. The numbers shall run from 001 to 999. Cars bearing these plates have diplomatic immunity.
- The Kingdom inherited a narrow gauge rail system from CEA. Originally steam locomotives were used, but the conversion to electric trains, still narrow gauge, was completed in 1978. These trains connect the major cities and towns of the Kingdom.
- After the completion of the limited access highways, a high-speed rail system, the Royal High-Speed Railway System of Kenya (Kifalme Kasi Mfomo wa Reli ya Kenya - KKMRK - KiKaMReKa) was constructed which parallels the highways. The trains on this system travel at 120 mph. The line paralleling BK1 is approximately 72 miles long. The line paralleling BK2 is approximately 273 miles long. The line paralleling the four-lane highway is approximately 100 miles long.
- There are no vehicle-carrying boats in the Kingdom.
- High-speed bancas, operated by the Royal Ferry Service of Kenya (Huduma ya Kivuko cha Kifalme ya Kenya - HKKK- HuKiKiKa) carry passengers between the port cities of Shimoni, Gazi, Tiwi, Malindi, Kilifi, Mombasa and Kipini. There is also ferry service to Tanga City and to Zanzibar in Zanzibar.
- River boats carry passengers and goods to the towns along the Galana River from Malindi to the confluence of the Athi and Tsavo Rivers.
- Airship transportation is provided by the Royal Air Service of Kenya (Huduma ya Hewa ya Kifalme ya Kenya - HHKK - HuHeKiKa). Air travel is not used as much as the other forms of transportation because of the cost.
- Therefore, airship flights connect the major cities only twice a week, on Mondays and Thursdays, that is, after and before the weekend.
- In Monday morning airships leave each of the three subkingdom capitals for the other two. On Thursday morning there are the return flights.
- A flight also leaves Mombasa in the morning for Zanzibar and Mzizima. There is a return flight in the evening.