Kenya

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This article is a proposal


It has not been ratified and therefore the information on this page is not protected by QSS.
You are welcome to correct errors and/or express your opinion at the Discussion Page.


6/23/17

  • My second CEA proposal concerns Kenya. I have opened a Kenya page on IB where it can be read.
  • There is no Kenya page (until now!). The CEA page states "CEA covers the area of *here*'s Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania, southern Kenya and Comoros." The Ethiopia page (a proposal, not QSS) states "Ethiopia is much larger than the country of the same name here. It covers *here*'s Somalia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Northern Uganda, Northern Kenya, and Southern Sudan." I propose that *here's* southern Kenya become the nation of Kenya with "southern" defined as the southern half of the country. The border will be the Tana River to Mt. Kenya, thence on a NW line to the northern shore of Lake Baringa, thence NW to Mt. Elgon.
  • The government is that of a federal elective constitutional monarchy similar to *here's* Federation of Malaysia. The Federation consists of six states, contiguous to what were *here's* Kenya's provinces prior to 2013.
  • 1. The Coast Province minus the northeastern portion (Lamu County) north of the Tana River (the border with Ethiopia) and including the small portion south to the Umba River in *here's* Tanzania, the border with the Sultanate of Unguja. It will be known as the Kingdom of Pwani (coast). The capital is Mombasa.
  • 2. The Eastern Province south of the Tana River. The capital is Embu. It will be known as the Kingdom of Mashariki (east).
  • 3. The Central Province, the ancestral home of the Kikuyu People. The capital is Nyeri. It will be known as the Kingdom of Kati (middle).
  • 4. The Rift Valley Province south of a line east from Mt. Kenya to the northern point of Lake Baringo and thence to the border with the Western Province. The capital is Nakuru. It will be known as the Kingdom of Bonde (valley).
  • 5. The entirety of the Western Province, the ancestral home of the Luhya People, plus the small portion extending north to the border mentioned in the first paragraph above. The capital is Kakamega. It will be known as the Kingdom of Magharibi (west).
  • 6. The entirety of the Nyanza Province, the ancestral home of the Luo People. The capital is Kisumu. It will be known as the Kingdom of Nyanza (lake).
  • 7. The city of Nairobi will be the capital of the federation. Nairobi will be a federal district with a governor appointed by the government.
  • I suggest the flag on the Kenya site be replaced. A peacock, not being native to Africa, has no meaning as a symbol for Kenya. I'm thinking of a flag of six stripes, red and white, and down the middle a gold strip (as illustrated by the flag of the Central African Republic) which has on it the crescent and star of Islam in red.
Federation of Kenya
Skirikisho la Kenya
Flag of ? Coat of arms of ?
state flag coat of arms
File:?map.PNG
map of ?
Motto ?
?
National Anthem ?
Cities
Capital Nairobi (1°17'S; 36°49E)
Subkingdom Capitals Mombasa, Embu,Nyeri, Nakuru, Kisumu, Kakamega
Government elective monarchy
Head of State His Royal Majesty ?
Head of Government The Honorable ?
Demonym Kenyan
Independence 1 January 1954
Area 174,341 km²
67,300 mi²
Population 25,788,241 (2010)
Ethnicities - Citizens ? ?%
? ?%
? ?%
? <?%
Languages
Official Swahili
Other numerous indigenous
Religions
Official Islam 73%
Others Christianity 25%, Buddhism <1%
Currency 1 Kenyan pound (K£) = 20 shillings (/) = 240 pence (d)
ISO Code KN
Time zone UTC + 3:00
Telephone Code 560
Registration
Aviation KEN nn
Marine KEN nn
Amateur radio KEN nn
Radio prefix KEN
Organizations League of Nations, Eastern Africa Treaty Organization
Sports
Official  ?
Other  ?
?
?
?
?


Contents

History

  • PoDs in bold print. I think that the IB data is self-evident.
  • The first inhabitants of the eastern coast of Africa were communities of ironworkers and communities of Bantu subsistence farmers, hunters and fishers who supported the economy with agriculture, fishing, metal production and trade with foreign countries. These communities formed the earliest city-states in the region.
  • By the 1st century CE, many of these city-states began to establish trade relations with Arabs from the Arabian peninsula which led to economic growth of the Swahili states, the eventual introduction of Islam, Arabic influences on the Swahili language. These Swahili city-states became a member of a larger trade network. Though subjected to foreign influence due to trade, these city-states retained a Bantu cultural core.s
  • In 980 Ali ibn Al-Hazzan Shirazi, a Persian merchant, bought the island of Kilwa (off the southern coast of *here's* Tanzania) from a Bantu king. The Shirazi dynasty ended in 1277 with the 27th sultan. At its height, its authority stretched over the entire length of the Swahili Coast, including Kenya. The sultans built elaborate coral mosques and introduced copper coinage. The Sultanate built Mombasa into a major port city and established trade links with other nearby city-states, as well as commercial centres in Persia, Arabia, and even India.
  • During those three centuries there had been intermarriage with the African Muslims so that, by the end of the dynasty, the sultans were black.
  • Toward the end of the 12th century Sultan Suleiman ibn al-Hassan ibn Dawud conquered much of the Swahili Coast, bringing Sofala, Pemba, Zanzibar and portions of the mainland under Kilwa's rule.
  • In 1277, al-Hassan ibn (great-great-grandson of Suleiman) seized the throne and began the Mahdali dynastry.
  • In the 14th century the Chinese came to the Swahili coast in the person of Admiral Zheng He and his "tribute voyages". They gradually took over the trading centers that had been established by the Arabs, trading in iron, ivory and spices. By the 17th century the slave trade had been expanded to meet the demands of plantations in Oman and Zanzibar.
  • The Portuguese started buying slaves from the Chinese traders in response to the interruption of the transatlantic slave trade when England and Scotland abolished slavery in 1772.
  • In the early 19th century the Chinese successfully supported the Maasai in their effort to resist an invasion from Ethiopia. Later in the same century the Ethiopians were successful in preventing the Chinese annexation of Somalia.
  • Toward the end of the 19th century the Chinese built the Kenya-Uganda railway. This was resisted by some ethnic groups for ten years from 1890 to 1900, but the railroad was completed. Several of these ethnic groups were put on native reserve to stop them from disrupting the building of the railway.
  • In 1920, the Chinese named this part of their African colony Kenya for its highest mountain.
  • During the railway construction era there was a significant influx of Indian people who provided the bulk of the skilled manpower required for construction. They and most of their descendants later remained in Kenya and formed the core of several distinct Ismaili Muslim communities.
  • In 1949 China was defeated in the Great Oriental War.
  • In 1952 China was formally carved up. As reparation and in punishment China's colonies in India were liberated by the League of Nations, as was Zanzibar in Africa. The new Chinese nations formed the Chinese League and established the Chinese East Africa Company to operate Chinese Africa.
  • Seeing a free Sultanate of Unguja, the other native peoples began to become restless and work toward their own independence. It took over a decade to accomplish this, but Kenya and Tanganyika were able to declare their independence in the early 1950s.
  • In 1953 Kenya declared its independence as the Federated Kingdoms of Kenya. The Federation is comprised of the subkingdoms of Pwani, Mashariki, Kati, Bonde, Magharibi, and Nyanza and the Federal District of Nairobi.


Toponomy

Etymology


Government

Kingdoms

  • These are the subnational kingdoms that comprise the Federation of Kenya.
  • The population figures are those of the 2015 census.
Kingdom (Ufalme)
Capital (Mji mkuu)
Area Population County (Capital) Notes
Pwani (Ufalme wa Pwani) (P)
Mombasa
79,000 km² 3,348,904 Mombasa (Mombasa) (PM)
Kwale (Kwale) (PW)
Kilifi (Malindi) (PK)
Tana (Hola) (PT)
Taveta (Mwatate) (PV)
Mashariki (Ufalme wa Mashariki) (M)
Embu
46,943 km² 5,701,283 Tharaka-Nithi (Chuka) (MT)
Embu (Embu) (ME)
Kitui (Kitui) (MK)
Machakos (Machakos) (MM)
Makueni (Wote) (MN)
Kati (Ufalme wa Katikati) (K)
Nyeri
13,191 km² 4,501,299 Nyandarua (Ol Kalou) (KN)
Nyeri (Nyeri) (KY)
Kirinyaga (Kirugoya) (KK)
Murang'a (Murang'a) (KM)
Kiambu (Kiambu) (KB)
Bonde (Ufalme wa Bonde) (B)
Nakuru
10,949 km² 66,800 Illwuasin-Kishu (Eldoret) (BI)
Keiyo (?) (BY)
Nandi (Kapsabet) (BP)
Baringo (Kabarnet) (BK)
Laikipia (Nyahururu) (BL)
Nakuru (Nakuru) (BN)
Narok (Narok) (BR)
Kajiado (Kajiado) (BJ)
Kericho (Kericho) (BO)
Nakuru (Nakuru) (BU)
Kericho includes *here's* Bomet County.
Magharibi (Ufalme wa Magharibi) (M)
Kakamega
7,400 km² 4,701,032 Kakamega (Kakamega) (MK)
Vihiga (Vigiha) (MV)
Bungoma (Bungoma) (MB)
Busia (Busia) (MS)
Nyanza (Ufalme wa Nyanza) (N)
Kisumu
16,162 km² 4,456,923 Siaya (Siaya) (NS)
Kisumu (Kisumu) (NK)
Homa (Homa) (NH)
Migori (Migori) (NM)
Kisii (Kisii) (NS)
Nyamira (Nyamira) (NN)
Federal District of Nairobi (Wilaya ya Shirikisho ya Nairobi) (NR) 696 km² 3,012,000

Thus, the total area of the federation is 174,341 km², slightly larger than *here's* American state of Florida or slightly smaller than Uruguay.

Borders

  • Kenya is bordered
    • on the north by Ethiopia
      • This border begins at a point midway in the delta of the Tana River and follows the course of the river upstream to the bend where the river turns south; thence on a straight NW/SE line, passing north of Mt. Kenya and Lake Baringo, to the point at which the Turkwel/Suam River crosses the border with Buganda. Thus, it cuts in half *here's* Eastern and Rift ValleyProvinces.
    • On the east by the Indian Ocean.
    • On the south by Unguja and Tanganyika.
      • This border extends from a point midstream at the mouth of the Umba River, east along parallel 4°40'50" to the 46th meridian; and west midstream along the course of the Umba River to its headwaters, thence along parallel ? to the Pangani River; thence midstream along the Pangani River and its tributary the Kikuletwa River to the 37th meridian.
    • on the west by Buganda and Lake Victoria.


Physical Description

Geography

Climate

Flora and Fauna

Economy

Demographics

Culture

Infrastructure

Roads

  • Traffic moves to the left.
  • Since its independence in 1949 Kenya has made steady progress in building roads in the cities and linking the major cities of the Kingdom. There are two limited access highways. Barabara kuu 1 (highway) (BK1), linking Mombasa and Malindi was completed in 1973. Barabara kuu 2 (BK1) from Mombasa to Nairobi, thence to Nakuru and on to Kisumu on Nyanza Victoria (Lake Victoria) was completed in 1976.
  • Fences border these highways for their whole length, but they do not really give much protection from animals like gazelles. Tunnels under the road at intervals facilitate the movement of the herds.

License Plates

  • License plates in Kenya are issued by the individual kingdoms.
  • The license plates of Kenya consist of six black alphanumeric characters on a white background.
  • The name of the kingdom is printed along the bottom of the plate.
  • A colored sticker with black numbers gives the expiration date of the plate.
  • There is a two-letter alpha prefix. The first letter designates the kingdom (R for the Federal District of Nairobi). The second letter designates the vehicle's use.
P (privat) – privately owned
S (serikali) – government owned
K (kampuni) – company owned, including taxi cabs.
O (polisi) – police
J (kijeshi) – military - the kingdom designation for such vehicles shall be that of the kaunti (county) in which is located the military base for which the vehicle was purchased.
  • The plates shall be issued in sequential order from 0001 to 9999. When 9999 is reached, an alphanumeric designation shall be used: A001 to A999, B001 to B999, etc.
  • If the vehicle is sold, inherited or totally destroyed, the plates are returned to the Idari ya Magari (Department of Motor Vehicles). A new owner must re-register the vehicle.
  • These plates are to be placed on both the front and the back of the vehicle, with the exception of bicycles, motorcycles, rickshaws, and animal-drawn conveyances.
  • License plates for vehicles belonging to the diplomatic corps shall use three alpha codes and three numeric codes. The alpha code consists of the subkingdom code letter and the nation's two-letter country code. For example, the license plate of the FK consulate in Mombasa would bear the number P(Pwani)FK nnn. The numbers shall run from 001 to 999. Cars bearing these plates have diplomatic immunity.

Railroads

  • The Kingdom inherited a narrow gauge rail system from CEA. Originally steam locomotives were used, but the conversion to electric trains, still narrow gauge, was completed in 1978. These trains connect the major cities and towns of the Kingdom.
  • After the completion of the limited access highways, a high-speed rail system, the Royal High-Speed Railway System of Kenya (Kifalme Kasi Mfomo wa Reli ya Kenya - KKMRK - KiKaMReKa) was constructed which parallels the highways. The trains on this system travel at 120 mph. The line paralleling BK1 is approximately 75 miles long. The line paralleling BK2 is approximately 175 miles long.

Boat travel

  • There are no vehicle-carrying boats in the Kingdom.
  • High-speed bancas, operated by the Royal Ferry Service of Kenya (Huduma ya Kivuko cha Kifalme ya Kenya - HKKK- HuKiKiKa) carry passengers between the port cities of Malindi, Kilifi and Mombasa. There is also ferry service to Tanga City and to Zanzibar in Unguja.
  • There is also ferry service on Lake Victoria from Kisumu to Musuma in Tanganyika and Entebbe in Buganda.

Air travel

  • Airship transportation is provided by the Royal Air Service of Kenya (Huduma ya Hewa ya Kifalme ya Kenya - HHKK - HuHeKiKa). Air travel is not used as much as the other forms of transportation because of the cost.
  • Therefore, airship flights connect the major cities only twice a week, on Mondays and Thursdays, that is, after and before the weekend.
  • In the morning an airship leaves Malindi for Mombasa, then on to Nairobi, Nakuru and Kisumu. At the same time, an airship leaves Kisumu and makes the return trip.
  • A flight also leaves Mombasa in the morning for Zanzibar and Mzizima in Unguja. There is a return flight in the evening.

Education

Public Safety

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