|Korea Train Express|
|Type||Private company (wholly owned by state)|
|Key people||Huañ Tai Kyuñ, CEO & Director|
|Products||Passenger and Freight Transport|
Founded in 1870 as a private company, and gaining in favor under the Japanese rule until the Great Oriental War, the Korean National Rail Company was re-instated in 1950, following the war, initially as the Railroad Administration Bureau, and later changing name to the Korean Rail Company, a state run entity. KTX (Korean Train Express) is the newest iteration of the same company, changing its name to match the new focus given by the FastRail-2020 Program.
Introduction of TGV
Seeing need to increase citizen's ability to reach the Capital in 90 minutes or less, the parliament launched the FastRail-2020 program in 2012. The program is tasked with achieving the following:
- Increasing transit speeds to 200-220 mpph (300-326 kmh) on HSR lines.
- Producing Corea-domestic rolling stock to rival Japan's longer trains.
- Enable 90% of all citizens to reach Kieñseñ in 90 minutes, and all areas of the nation within 2.5 hours.
- Enable 75% of all citizens to be able to reach Japan within 3 hours, Quiòto within 4.
Initial efforts identified likely candidates for new High Speed Rail lines, and began construction efforts on them. Efforts are also underway to increase speed on the other, existing lines to increase line-speed, and reduce and remove non-high speed segments in all locations possible.
MP Hoñ Ki-bum of Mokhpho was quoted as wondering why it took Corea so very long to adopt what is ubiquitous in Yamato, a place that is a very frequent destination for most Coreans these days.
High Speed Lines
Gieñbu High Speed Railway takes its name from the original Gieñbu line, which ran from Kieñseñ to Pusan. It was the first to be electrified, and the first to be upgraded to handle the KTX Xiñcansen trains. This line is almost continually being upgraded to allow faster and faster connections with Quiòto from Kieñseñ.
Honam High Speed Railway was the second line brought up to speed, and is also experiencing continuing upgrades, as the stops along this spur have quickly become bedroom communities to Kieñseñ.
The Suse-AREX High Speed Railway began as a private venture to allow direct connection to the Gimpho and Inchhen aerodromes from the affluent Gañnam area of Kieñseñ. It was spearheaded by a number of the movie studios of the area, to allow their stars to return to their homes in Gañnam-do with minimal security concerns.
With financial crises, this line was sold to Korail, now KTX, and the line has been extended, first to the southern hub of Osoñ.
|Inchhen Int'l Airport||Gimpho Airport||Kieñseñ||Suse||Doñtan||Chhenan-Asan||Osoñ|
With the success of Suse-AREX I, the line was branched northward to allow connection to the northern reaches of the country, shortening travel time for those north and east of Uensan. This line began construction in 2010, and is expected to complete in 2020. It is part of the FastRail-2020 program.
|Suse-AREX HSR II|
|Inchhen Int'l Airport||Gimpho Airport||Haiñsin||Phaju||Jeñokh||Sepho||Khosan||Uensan|
Osiei High Speed Railway is designed to connect the capital with the central southern coast. In a bid to offer more control over the budding space industry to Coreans, and to further industry within Corea, under the FastRail-2020 program, the line is having a spur created to Gohyuñ.
Kieñan High Speed Railway is the mainline connecting Riugioñ, Anju, and points north with the capital.
Riuson High Speed Railway was developed as the primary connector to the far north-east.
Jindoñ High Speed Railway is the HSR most recently completed. Traffic flows from Osoñ, but the official terminus is Doñdaigu and connects to Jinju in the far south. The success of this line has lead to its inclusion in FastRail-2020. This line will now have extension from Mokhpho in the west with continuing links to Doñdaigu and Kieñseñ on the east, but with an additional connection through Guphho to Busan. This will also provide an alternate route for the Gieñbu line, should there be a need.
|To Kieñseñ via Yoñsan||Doñdaigu||Miriañ||Jinieñ||Chhañuonjuñañ||Chhañuon||Masan||Jinju||Gurieigu||Guañju||Naju||Mokhpho|
Kieñgañ High Speed Railway is the mainline connecting Gañnyñ with the capital. It is currently under construction. It is part of the FastRail-2020 program.
Siñuen High Speed Railway is a coastal railway designed to serve the East Coast with high speed rail, and connect with the northern Riuson line, allowing faster connections with the far north to Busan. It is part of the FastRail-2020 program. It is currently under construction.
Doñchhun High Speed Railway is part of FastRail-2020. It will use some existing lines, but follow the central mountain highway and serve as a rail backbone connecting the capital with Busan. It is currently under construction. Due to its location, it is expected that much of the traffic on the Doñchhun line will be freight. Because of this, plans are already afoot to widen the right-of-way to allow for 4 high-speed lines, two dedicated to freight and two to passenger rail. To ease wear and tear on the lines, the rail traffic will be rotated across the lines.