International Qurultai of Kökbörü-Buzkashi Organisations
The International Qurultaı of Kökbörü-Buzkaşı Organisations (Kökbörü-Buzkaşı Uyumlarnıņ Halıqaralıq Qurultayı - KBUHQ) is the international regulating body for the Central Asian sport of Kökbörü. The international umbrella organisation is made up of representative delegations from the various national organising councils, with a rotating chairmanship.
The international regulating body was founded in 1967 to oversee the increasing number of international matches, and to encourage standardisation between the different nations represented.
In addition to regulating the national leagues of the sport known variously as Kökbörü, Kökpär, Buzkashi and Ulaq-Tartış, KBUHQ is also responsible for overseeing international competitions, particularly the Kökbörü-Buzkaşı World Championship.
Kökbörü-Buzkaşı World Championship
The Kökbörü-Buzkaşı World Championship is organised as a triennial competition, like the Central Asian Games. It runs in the year between the Central Asian Games and the World Games, and is usually hotly contested between participating countries.
The World Championship has its origin in a three-way competition between the Moghul National Realm, Persia and the newly-independent Turkestan, which took place in 1924. This competition ran intermittently during the period before the wars. With the outbreak of hostilities in both the Second Great War in the West and the Great Oriental War in the East, the Central Asian nations began to move to a war-preparedness footing. International Kökbörü-Buzkaşı games continued to be played, however, right up until the outbreak of hostilities between Russia and China in the 1946-1949 Central Asian War.
After the War, there was a brief period when international Kökbörü-Buzkaşı matches were organised on an ad-hoc individual basis, but in 1957, the first championship of a regular triennial competition took place. Participant nations were Turkestan, Persia, Mongolia, the Moghul National Realm and the Tuvin and Buryat Governorates.
The 1969 World Championship match between the Tuvin and Buryat Governorates was overshadowed by a controversy involving the precise origins of many of the team members of both finalist teams. A majority of players on the winning Tuvin team and a significant minority of players from the Buryat team were from parts of Russia outside of the Governorates that the teams theoretically represented. The situation was complicated by the refusal of Russia as a whole to field a team in such a "barbaric" non-Russian sport.
The following championship series of 1972 featured a greatly expanded roster of teams from several of the other Snorist ethnic governorates, as well as teams from Tibet, Uyguristan and Turkey. In 1981, the roster was expanded again with the inclusion of Kaxmir, Sind and the Punjab.
|Year||Championship Winner||Other Finalist|
|1960||Moghul National Realm||Turkestan|
|1969||Tuvin Guberniya||Buryat Guberniya|
|1972||Moghul National Realm||Qazaq Guberniya|
|1990||Moghul National Realm||Mongolia|
|2008||Buryatia||Sikh Razj Samdh|
2011 World Championship
Scotland is once again expecting to field a team in the 2011 championship (see here). Groups are already assigned for the 2011 World Championships, which are expected to be an intense competition. The top two teams out of each group qualify for the playoffs, together with the two highest-scoring runner-up teams.
Group A appears to be shaping up into a showdown between the powerful Tuvin and Turkestani teams, though the Don Republic currently also have a strong national squad. The MNR appear to be a safe bet to top Group B, with the second place wide open. Group C is a very difficult group for the poor Scots, with Mongolia, Kaxmir and Bashkortostan all having very strong teams. Group D seems perhaps the most open of all, and pandits have predicted qualification by almost any combination of teams. Group E, on the other hand, looks like a three-way fight between Qazaqstan, the Sikh Confederacy and Kalmykia.