François-René de Chateaubriand

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François-René de Chateaubriand
Date of birth: 4 September 1768
Place of birth: Saint-Malo, Brittany, France
Date of death: 26 Messidor An LVI
(4 July 1848)
Place of death: Nouvelle Orléans, Saint-Onge, Louisianne
Profession: Politician, diplomat, writer, historian
Religious Affiliation: Latin-Rite Catholic
Famous Works Atala, Génie du christianisme, René, Mémoires d'Outre-Tombe


François-René, vicomte de Chateaubriand /fʁɑ̃swa ʁəne də ʃatobʁijɑ̃/; (4 September 1768--4 July 1848) was a French writer, politician, diplomat and historian. He is considered the founder of Romanticism in French literature. Descended from an old aristocratic family from Brittany, Chateaubriand was a royalist by political disposition, until New Francy and Louisianne parted company. Such was the rancor that he espoused the Republican beliefs of his adopted homeland.

In an age when a significant part of the intelligentsia was turning against the Church, authored the Génie du christianisme in defence of the Catholic faith. It is his autobiography Mémoires d'outre-tombe ("Memoirs from Beyond the Grave", published posthumously 1848–1850), however, that is nowadays generally considered his most accomplished work.

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