Bâzrâmani

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Bâzrâmani (or Bazramæni)


This article is a proposal


It has not been ratified and therefore the information on this page is not protected by QSS.
You are welcome to correct errors and/or express your opinion at the Discussion Page.



Basis of this page copied from FrathWiki[1].

Originally created by Melroch but not modified since 2011 by original creator. Got permission in IB Facebook Group for User:Shinobhi to pick up the mantle on the project, extending Melroch's original Grand Master Plan. Original sketch can be viewed at the link above.

Note that this Romano-Persian lang has undergone a name change. It used to be Râmâniyân, but is now Bâzrâmani < VÓCEM RÓMÁNICAM.

Phonemes

Consonants

p t ch /tʃ/ k
b d j /dʒ/ g
f s sh /ʃ/ kh /χ/ h
v z zh /ʒ/ gh /ɣ/
m n ny /ɲ/
r
l
y /j/

Vowels

i u
e o
a /æ/ â /ɑ/

Bâzrâmani Grand Master Plan

Vowels

Latin sounds #_ C_C _C*{i,î} _C*{u,û} _#
a, â, au a
/æ/
e o -e
e, ae ya
/jæ/
a
/æ/
(y)e (y)o Ø
o va
/væ/
a
/æ/
(v)e (v)o Ø
i e e i Ø
u o u u Ø
ê, î, oe i i i Ø
ô â
/ɑ/
â â â
û u u u Ø

Consonants

Latin sounds #_ [1] V_V _C _r/l #_r/lV _#
c k g kh
/χ/
kh khV[2] g
nc ng ng
qu kh kh
c /_{i,e} ch
/tʃ/
z ch ch che
qu /_{i,e} k g
nc /_{i,e} nz nj
sc /_{i,e} sh
/ʃ/
sh sh sh she
x (cs) sh sh sh sh
g g gh
/ɣ/
gh gh gV[2]
g _{i,e} j /dʒ/ z j/z j/z je/ze
gn, mn, gm, nn ny /ɲ/ ny
t t d s s tV[2] d
d d y z z dV[2] y
n n n n n Ø
nt nd nd
s h h s h khV[2] h
l[3] l l Ø[4] l
rd [rð] l (l)
p p b f f fV[2] (b)
b, v b v v b/v bV/vV[2] v
m m m m m Ø
mp mb mb


[1] Geminate consonants are treated as if initial.

[2] Where V is a copy of the following vowel.

[3] As the last consonant in a cluster l becomes /r/: Cl > Cr e.g. clarus > kharor.

[4] More exactly VlC becomes uC or iC depending on whether V is back or front (after Bâzrâmani umlaut?), as detailed below.

Special contexts

{li, le} / _V y
{ti, te} / _V s
{di, de} / _V z
{ni, ne, mi, me} / _V ny
{ri, re} / _V zh /ʒ/
ll y
-cul-, -gul- *ly > y
vi / #_C gu, e.g. vitium > gus
ic{a,u}(m) / C_# i e.g Rômânic{a,u}m > Râmani
(pl. -ihi)
ellum / _# -oy > -ey
vo u
{al,el,ol} / _C u e.g. altus > ud.
{ôl,ul,ûl} / _C u
{il,îl,êl} / _C i

Remarks

It will be seen that the consonant changes are essentially an outline of the changes between Old and Middle Persian with an occasional Old Iranian or Romance feature rearing its head. They are of course subject to future refinement.

The transcription zh for ry is actually somewhat inaccurate. Lemontaigner as Râmani writers choose this transcription in order to more clearly distinguish ry ژ from ri ري in Arabic script.

The vowel changes are like a weird mixture of Old Iranian, Middle Persian, Welsh and French, but yield a suitable lámatyáve. I think they are naturalistic enough, and at the end of the day lámatyáve and naturalism are more important than slavishly following the superstrate even in a bogolang. The thing is that if I just had copied Middle Persian sound changes the lámatyáve wouldn't have become anything like Persian!

Morphology

Pronouns

Bâzrâmani retains four cases from Latin in its pronouns: nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive.

Singular N Singular A Singular D Singular G Plural N Plural A Plural D Plural G
First Person yagh mi meh nyo nâh nâvih nast
Second Person to ti teb to bâh bâvih bast
Third Person (From Latin illud and illa) eyoy ey eyuh eye eyih eyâr

Plurals of nouns

Bâzrâmani plurals continue the Latin accusative plurals. There has however been metathesis of the vowel and the final h < s. Thus we find:

-âs -ehi (by analogy) fem'nâs, rôtâs, cistâs
> *fem'nês, *rôtês, *cistês
famehi, râdehi, chestehi
-ôs -(a)hâ caballôs, cattôs, diurnôs kaveyhâ, kotahâ, zornhâ
-ês -(e)hi ratiônês, fontês rasânhi, fandhi

As in other Romance languages neuters have merged with the masculine, and the fourth declension has merged with the second, thus *genôs > janhâ 'knees'. Nouns do not inflect for plurality when a number is specified.

Adjectives have become indeclinable, unless substantivized, in which case they will take a plural suffix.

Verb inflection

amâre 
amar
amô 
amâ
amâs tû 
amast
amat 
amad
amâmus 
amomoh
amâtis 
amedeh
amant 
amand
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