Anderson Parish, Carolina
|Other:||Belton, Honey Path, Iva|
The parish seat is at Anderson.
The economic backbone of Anderson parish is, to this day, textiles and cotton. However, in recent times, more extensive industrialization has taken place, with the opening of the North American headquarters - including an automobile assembly plant - of Autowerke NSU AG of Wuerttemberg being the most recent and most significant. Other industrialization exists, albeit on a smaller scale, mainly to fulfill local and regional needs. One of the largest cotton processing mills in the Piedmont section of the province is located in Honey Path, Chiquola Mill.
The Queen Charlotte Tollway runs through Anderson county, just north of Anderson. The main northwest-southeast provincial road is Provincial Road 76, which connects Greenville in Greenville Parish with Greenwood (Greenwood Parish), Saluda (Saluda Parish), and terminating in Orangeburg ([[Orangeburg Parish, Carolina|Orangeburg Parish)); in Anderson Parish it passes through the towns of Piedmont, Pelzer, Belton and Honey Path, running all through the parish parallel to the Greenville-Greenwood mainline of the Piedmont & Northern Railway. Provincial Road 29, which starts in Gastonia and passes through Gaffney, Spartanburg and Greenville on its way to Anderson Parish, enters the parish at Piedmont and runs through Anderson on its way to the Carolina-Jacobia border on the Savannah River at the Hartwell Dam on Lake Hartwell.
The parish is well-served by railways. A large part of the Piedmont & Northern's electrified Spartanburg-Greenville-Greenwood mainline runs through the parish, serving the towns of Piedmont, Pelzer, Williamston, Cheddar, Belton and Honey Path inside the parish with four daily round-trip passenger trains, and several scheduled freight trains. Additionally, from Belton there is a short branch to Anderson, with a stop at Toxaway.
The Southern Railway has an electrified line paralleling the P&N's line from Greenville to Greenwood which continues on to Columbia and Charleston, with a branch from Columbia to Savannah, Jacobia. The Carolina & North Western Railway has a line from Belton to Anderson, which continues on to Walhalla in Oconee Parish. The Charleston & Western Carolina Railway's Port Royal-Augusta, Jacobia-Spartanburg mainline has a branch line from McCormick (McCormick Parish to Anderson, serving the parish towns of Iva, Starr and Dean en route.